Lesson Notes By Weeks and Term - Primary 6

Speech Work: Direct and indirect speech; Grammar: Conjunction meaning and Identification; Writing: Simple future questions and past tense

WEEK: Nine

CLASS: Basic six

SUBJECT: English Language

TERM: 1st Term

TOPIC:  Speech Work: Direct and indirect speech; Grammar: Conjunction meaning and Identification; Writing: Simple future questions and past tense

BEHAVIOURAL OBJECTIVES: At the end of the lesson, pupils should be able to:

  1. Change sentences from direct speech to indirect speech
  2. Explain the meaning of conjunction and identify them in sentences
  3. Ask simple future questions

BUILDING A BACKGROUND: Pupils are familiar with direct and indirect speech and parts of speech

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIAL: Pictures, charts and textbook

REFERENCE MATERIAL: Nigeria Primary English Pupils’Book to




When a speech contains the exact words of a speaker, we call it direct speech. When the speech is reported by someone in his own words, it is called reported speech   . In reported speech, the present tense changes to the past tense.           

Example: ‘It is late’, he said. DIRECT SPEECH

He said that it was late. INDIRECT SPEECH Makinde said,

‘I am going home.’  DIRECT SPEECH

Makinde said that he was going home. INDIRECT SPEECH

When we report things that happen regularly, the verbs may not change.  


  • The teacher says, ‘The sun rises in the east.’ The teacher said that the sun rises in the east.
  • The girl says, ‘I sell bread every day.’ The girl said that she sells bread everyday




A conjunction is a word which joins two words, phrases, clauses, or sentences together to complete their meaning. There are three major kinds of conjunctions: coordinating, subordinating, and correlative. 

Coordinating conjunctions This conjunction is used to join two words, statements or clauses of equal status together. These conjunctions include: and, or, but. 

Subordinating conjunctions This is a conjunction that is used to join two unequal statements, clauses, or phrases together. One part depends on the other for its full meaning. Examples of subordinating conjunctions are: before, after, since, because, when, although, though, if, who, which.

Correlative conjunctions This conjunction is used in pairs. Examples are: either … or, both …. and, neither … nor, not only … but also, whether … or.

FIG. 1


Pupils are evaluated thus: 

  1. What are the features of direct and indirect speech?
  2. Change each of the following direct statements to reported speech by answering the questions that follow them: 
  3. Akin and Bode: ‘We are going to a party.’ What did Akin and Bode say?
  4. Amina: ‘The soup is bad.’ What did Amina say?
  5. Opa and Amina: ‘We like the new teacher.’ What did Opa and Amina say?
  6. Mr Oputa: ‘Sara got all the answers right.’ What did Mr Oputa say?
  7. Luqman : ‘I swept the compound alone.’ What did Luqman say?
  8. What are conjunctions?
  9. Mention three types of conjunctions

© Lesson Notes All Rights Reserved 2023