Subject: Agricultural Science
Term: 1st Term
Class: Primary 6�
BEHAVIOURAL OBJECTIVES: AT THE END OF THE LESSON, PUPILS SHOULD BE ABLE TO:
INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS: A chart showing the various tools for planting crops and rearing animals.
Scheme of work
All relevant materials �� �
9-Years Basic Education Curriculum
BUILDING BACKGROUND/CONNECTION TO PRIOR KNOWLEDGE:
Pupils are familiar with the topic in their previous classes.
CONTENT OF THE LESSON�
IMPORTANCE OF AGRICULTURE
Agriculture is important to man in many ways. It provides man with food, shelter, clothing, money or income, employment or job, raw materials, medicine, foreign exchange and recreation. Agriculture ensures a constant food supply. �
It therefore helps in the following ways:
Agriculture provides food for people. Food can be obtained from crops and animals Food gives man the energy required to perform his daily activities. Examples of food materials from crops and their by-products are yam, rice and maize. Food materials from animals include meat, eggs and milk. Shelter Agriculture provides materials for building houses. Such materials include forest wood from timber, bamboo, thatch from grass and palm fronds, and leaves.�
The material used for making the clothes we wear, i.e. cotton comes from plants. Hides and skins, which are used to make our shoes and bags, come from animals. Wool, also from animals, is used to make winter suits and wears. All these are products of agriculture.
Sales of agricultural products are a source of money and income to farmers for meeting their daily needs and expenses.
Agriculture provides many people with work or employment through which they earn money for a living. Apart from the farmers, many people do works that have to do with agriculture. A good example is your agriculture teacher.
Agriculture provides agro-based industries with the raw materials that they process into goods for consumers, e.g. cocoa for the beverage industries.
Many parts of plants, e.g. roots, leaves and barks are medicinal herbs which people use to treat many diseases, e.g. by boiling, crushing or rubbing them.
Materials from plants are also used to make modern drugs, e.g. tablets. Foreign exchange Agriculture is a source of foreign exchange through crops that are sold to other countries as exports, e.g. timber and cocoa.
Agriculture is a source of amusement, pleasure and relaxation for people through game reserves; tourist centers botanical gardens, zoological gardens and horse racing. Huge revenues can also be generated from some of these centers, especially from foreigners who visit.
Assessment & Evaluation:
Teacher goes over the topic once again to enhance better understanding ������� �
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