Subject: Agricultural science
Topic: Control of farm animal diseases.
Duration: 40 mins
Reference: Agricultural science for primary schools book 6
Previous knowledge: Pupils are familiar with crops storage
Objective: At the end of the lesson, pupils should be able to know how to control farm animal diseases.
Animal diseases are disorders that influence an animal wealth and ability to function. Diseases can reduce the production of animals used to produce food such as hens and cows.
Some animal diseases can be transmitted to humans, and control of these types of diseases known as zoonosis, is vital to public health. Animal diseases are characterized by infectious and non infectious disease.
Infectious diseases are caused by an agent like bacteria or a virus that penetrates the body’s natural defect mechanism diet, environment, injury and heredity.
The control of animal diseases begins with isolating or quarantining animals with fureatening infections such as salmonella to prevent further transmission. Bacteria diseases can be treated with various antibiotics such as penicillin and streptomycin. Immunization commonly involves an injection of a weakened or killed pathogen for a specific disease that encourages the immune system to fight off infection. Many veterinarians immunize animals.
Step I: Teacher revises previous lesson with pupils
Step II: Teacher introduces and explains new topic to pupils
Step III: Pupils are allowed to ask questions
Step IV: Teacher writes notes on the board for pupils.
Conclusion: Teacher move round for inspection, marking and correction of notes where necessary.
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