SUBJECT: HOME ECONOMICS
TERM: 1ST TERM
CLASS: PRIMARY 6
TOPIC: THE SEWING MACHINE
The teacher will teach the lesson with the aid of:
a sewing machine, a labelled diagram of a sewing machine.
. Scheme of Work
. 9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum
All Relevant Material
. Online Information
CONTENT OF THE LESSON
Sewing machines were invented during the first Industrial revolution to decrease the amount of manual sewing work performed in clothing companies.
TYPES OF SEWING MACHINE
Handy Stitch is also known as the portable hand-held sewing machine.
It is great for quick repairs or jobs that conventional desktop machines can not handle, like sewing curtains while on the rod, or mending a torn pocket without having to remove your pants.
These machines are also called as manual machines/tailoring machine/treadle sewing machine/domestic sewing machines where the basic settings are done manually by the user. These machines are best suitable for the beginners who want to learn sewing from basics.
Electronic sewing machines have more features than a mechanical sewing machine.These sewing machines are the combination of mechanical sewing machine and computerized sewing machine.
Computerized Sewing Machines are high technology sewing machines which can be connected to the internet, computer or design loaded cards.
These machines are best suitable for industrial purpose.
Embroidery machines are meant for designing different patterns of embroidery on the fabric.
PARTS OF SEWING MACHINE
ADVANTAGES OF THE SEWING MACHINE
FUNCTIONS OF THE PARTS OF THE SEWING MACHINE
The main function of spool pin is to hold the spool of thread.
During winding, bobbin is placed here.
When bobbin reaches its optimum capacity then bobbin winder stopper stops the bobbin winding.
The main object of stitch width dial is to control the zigzag stitch.
Pattern selector dial is to set the symbol of the desired stitch pattern.
Hand wheel is used to raise and lower the need, which is situated in the right side of the machine.
Stitch length dial is used to control the length of the stitch.
The machine will sew in the reverse while the lever is pushed.
Power switch means the off-on office of the sewing machine. Normally power switch is located at the right side of the machine.
These types of thread guide are used during bobbin winding.
Thread tension dial is used to control the tension on the top thread.
During sewing the top thread passes through the thread take-up lever. Thread take-up lever moves up and down with the needle.
Needle clamp screw holds the needle in its actual place.
Presser foot holds the fabric in its definite place.
During sewing bobbin cover protects and covers the bobbin holder.
This type of button is used to release the cover for entrance to the bobbin.
During sewing, feed dog pulls the fabric in forward.
Needle is used to form a stitch in the garments.
Needle plate is a metal plate which is situated under the needle and presser foot. It helps to move the fabric forward during sewing.
Step 1: Teacher revised the previous topic
Step 2: Teacher introduces the new topic
Step 3: Teacher explains the new topic
Step 4: Teacher welcomes pupils questions
Step5: Teacher evaluates the pupils
Wrap- up (conclusion): Teacher goes over the topic ones again for better understanding
4. State the functions of the parts of the sewing machine mentioned in 3 above.
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