# Lesson Notes By Weeks and Term - Senior Secondary 3

Epidemiology and vital statistics

TERM – 1ST TERM

WEEK SIX

Class: Senior Secondary School 3

Age: 17 years

Duration: 40 minutes of 5 periods each

Date:

Subject: HEALTH EDUCATION

Topic: EPIDEMIOLOGY AND VITAL STATISTICS

SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES: At the end of the lesson, pupils should be able to

I.) Define epidemiology

II.) Identify the importance of epidemiology

III.) Define vital statistics

IV.) Identify the components of vital statistics

V.) Identify the importance of vital statistics.

INSTRUCTIONAL TECHNIQUES: Identification, explanation, questions and answers, demonstration, videos from source

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS: Videos, loud speaker, textbook, pictures,

INSTRUCTIONAL PROCEDURES

PERIOD 1-2

 PRESENTATION TEACHER’S ACTIVITY STUDENT’S ACTIVITY STEP 1 INTRODUCTION The teacher explains the meaning of epidemiology and describe it's importance Students listens attentively to the teacher STEP 2 EXPLANATION Teacher explains the meaning of vital statistics indicators, it's components and importance. Students exhibit attentiveness and active engagement STEP 3 NOTE TAKING The teacher writes a summarized note on the board The students copy the note in their books

NOTE

EPIDEMIOLOGY AND VITAL STATISTICS

Epidemiology is the branch of medicine and public health that studies the distribution, patterns, and determinants of health and disease conditions in defined populations. It aims to understand how diseases spread, identify risk factors, and develop strategies to prevent and control health problems. Here are the key aspects of epidemiology:

Importance of Epidemiology

1. Provides the evidence base for developing and implementing public health policies and practices.
2. Monitors and tracks the spread of diseases, enabling timely interventions.
3. Identifies and quantifies risk factors for diseases, helping individuals and communities make informed health decisions.
4. Guides responses to health emergencies, such as pandemics, by providing critical data and insights.

Vital statistics indicators

Vital statistics indicators are quantitative measures that reflect the health and demographic characteristics of a population. They are essential for public health planning, policy-making, and resource allocation. These indicators provide insights into population dynamics, health status, and trends over time.

Components of Vital Statistics Indicators

1. Birth Rate: The number of live births per 1,000 people in a given year. This indicates population growth and fertility levels.
2. Death Rate (Mortality Rate): The number of deaths per 1,000 people in a given year. It reflects overall health status and the effectiveness of health care systems.
1. Infant Mortality Rate: The number of deaths of infants under one year old per 1,000 live births in a given year. This is a key indicator of the overall health and well-being of a population, as well as the quality of healthcare services for mothers and infants.
2. Child Mortality Rate: The number of deaths of children under five years old per 1,000 live births in a given year. These reflects the health and nutrition status of children, as well as the effectiveness of public health interventions.
3. Maternal Mortality Rate: The number of deaths of women due to pregnancy-related causes per 100,000 live births in a given year. These indicates the quality of maternal health care and access to healthcare services for women.

Importance of Vital Statistics Indicators

1. Helps in identifying health priorities, allocating resources, and planning interventions.
2. Provides data to inform policies related to health, social services, and economic development.
3. Tracks the effectiveness of public health programs and interventions over time.
4. Provides essential data for demographic and health research.
5. Enables comparisons between countries and regions to understand global health trends and disparities.

EVALUATION: 1. Define epidemiology

1. Mention 4 importance of epidemiology
2. What is vital statistics indicators?
3. Identify 5 components of vital statistics indicators.

CLASSWORK: As in evaluation

CONCLUSION: The teacher commends the students positively