Term: 1st Term
Class: Senior Secondary School 2
Age: 16 years
Duration: 40 minutes of 2 periods each
SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES: At the end of the lesson, pupils should be able to
- Explain the meaning of farmstead
- Discuss the factors to be considered when siting a farmstead
INSTRUCTIONAL TECHNIQUES: Identification, explanation, questions and answers, demonstration, videos from source
INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS: Videos, loud speaker, textbook, pictures
The teacher reviews the previous lesson on farm surveying planning
Students pay attention
She explains the meaning of farmstead
Students pay attention and participates
She discusses the factors to be considered when siting a farmstead
Students pay attention and participate
The teacher writes a summarized note on the board
The students copy the note in their books
Farmstead is simply a farm or the part of a farm comprising its main buildings together with adjacent grounds.
FACTORS TO BE CONSIDERED WHEN SITING A FARMSTEAD
- Topography determines the location of farm building and structures.
- Farm building or living quarters are usually located on high elevations for proper viewing of the farm.
- Animal quarters should be located far from the staff living quarters
- Locate crops such as vegetables on low lying areas where moisture contents is high.
- Fish ponds are located on sloppy grounds
- Irrigation farms are best sited on flat grounds
- Soil Type:
- Crop farms are sited on soils that are fertile
- Pastures are sited on less fertile soils
- Farms building and structures are best located on poor soils.
- Farm roads are best constructed on well drained poor soils.
- Locate facilities within walking distance
- Provide good roads to facilitate the transportation of farm inputs
- Ensure easy accessibility and evacuation of farm produce.
- Good accessibility makes marketing of farm produce possible.
- Water supply
- Adequate water supply is needed for human and animal use
- Livestock structures should be located close to source of water supply for easy cleaning
- Water is required for irrigation purpose.
- Erect livestock units against wind direction
- Locate animal units far away from human residential houses to avoid health hazards.
- Nearness to Market
- Nearness to market reduces distribution or transport cost.
- It exposes products to many buyers
- It reduces the need for farm storage.
- Adequate drainage is important to avoid water-logging
- Gentle slope facilitates proper drainage
- Good drainage makes movement easier within the farm.
EVALUATION: 1. Explain the meaning of farmstead
- List and explain the factors to be considered in siting the farmstead
CLASSWORK: As in evaluation
CONCLUSION: The teacher commends the students positively