Lesson Notes By Weeks and Term - Senior Secondary School 1

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Term: 1st Term

Week: 8

Class: Senior Secondary School 1

Age: 15 years

Duration: 40 minutes of 2 periods each


Subject:      Civic Education

Topic:-       Youth empowerment

SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES: At the end of the lesson, pupils should be able to

  1. Explain the meaning of youth empowerment
  2. Discuss the various youth empowerment skills

INSTRUCTIONAL TECHNIQUES: Identification, explanation, questions and answers, demonstration, videos from source

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS: Videos, loud speaker, textbook, pictures








The teacher reviews the previous lesson on HIV/AIDS

Students pay attention



She explains the meaning of youth empowerment


Students pay attention and participates



She discusses the various youth empowerment skills

Students pay attention and participate



The teacher writes a summarized note on the board

The students copy the note in their books




Youth empowerment is the process of involving the youth and the young population in the decision-making of a community. As the realization that the youth has a voice that a community should listen to; it also presents an avenue through which they can make their voices heard and recognize the power that they have.


Youth empowerment is a process where children and young people are encouraged to take charge of their lives. They do this by addressing their situation and then take action in order to improve their access to resources and transform their consciousness through their beliefs, values, and attitudes.



  1. Psychological Empowerment Skills

Psychological empowerment refers to the feelings of competence,

autonomy, and impact individuals experience in their work and personal


These feelings of empowerment can lead to increased motivation, job

satisfaction, and overall well-being. 

The following are some of the key skills that can help individuals develop a

sense of psychological empowerment:

(a) Self-awareness: Understanding one’s strengths, weaknesses, values,

and beliefs can help individuals to make informed decisions and take

control of their lives.

(b) Goal-setting: Setting realistic and meaningful goals can give an

individual a sense of purpose and direction, which can help increase the

quality of their lives. 

(c) Active problem-solving: Instead of simply reacting to challenges and

problems, individuals can learn to actively identify and solve problems to

feel more in control of their lives.

(d) Effective communication: Good communication skills can help

individuals express their thoughts and feelings, build stronger relationships,

and negotiate effectively in personal and professional settings.

(e) Time management: Being able to prioritize tasks and manage one’s

time effectively can help individuals feel more in control of their lives and

reduce feelings of stress and overwhelm.


  1. Community Empowerment Skills

Community empowerment is the process by which individuals and

communities gain control over the factors that influence their lives and well


This can involve increasing access to resources and decision-making

power, building strong relationships and networks, and developing a sense

of ownership and responsibility for community issues and solutions. 

The following are some of the key skills that can help individuals and

communities to achieve empowerment:

(a) Leadership: Developing leadership skills can help individuals and

communities to take an active role in shaping their futures and creating

positive change.

(b) Collaboration: Building strong, collaborative relationships within and

across communities can help to create a sense of collective power and

increase the impact of collective action.

(c) Advocacy: Developing advocacy skills can help individuals and

communities to make their voices heard, influence decision-makers, and

advocate for policies and resources that support their needs and priorities.

(d) Capacity building: Providing training and support to help individuals

and communities build the skills, knowledge, and networks they need to

address community challenges and pursue their goals.


  1. Economic Empowerment Skills

Economic empowerment is the process of improving the economic status

and financial stability of individuals, communities and households through

access to financial services, education and training, and the development

of entrepreneurial and job skills. 

These empowerment skills aim to help people gain greater control over

their financial lives, improve their standard of living and achieve greater

financial independence.

Some of these economic empowerment skills are: 

(a) Financial literacy and education: Financial literacy is the knowledge

and skills required to make informed decisions about managing money. 

It includes understanding financial concepts such as budgeting, savings,

credit, debt, and investment. 

Financial education can help individuals make informed decisions about

their finances and develop a solid financial foundation.

(b) Entrepreneurial skills: This refers to the knowledge, skills, and

attitudes required to start and run a successful business. 

This includes understanding market demand, creating a business plan,

identifying and accessing sources of funding, and managing financial


(c) Job skills training: Job skills training helps individuals acquire the

technical skills and knowledge needed to secure and retain employment. 

This can include training in areas like computer skills, customer service,

and specific industry-related skills.

(d) Access to financial services: Access to financial services, such as

banking, insurance, and microfinance, is essential to develop economic


These services provide individuals and households with a means of saving

and investing their money, accessing credit, and protecting their assets.

(e) Networking and mentorship: Building networks and relationships with

others in the community, as well as seeking mentorship and guidance from

experienced individuals, can help individuals develop their entrepreneurial

and job skills, and connect with potential customers and employers.


EVALUATION:    1. Define youth empowerment

  1. Discuss various youth empowerment skills

CLASSWORK: As in evaluation

CONCLUSION: The teacher commends the students positively