Lesson Notes By Weeks and Term - Senior Secondary School 1

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Term: 1st Term

Week: 6

Class: Senior Secondary School 1

Age: 15 years

Duration: 40 minutes of 2 periods each


Subject:    Agriculture

Topic:-      Agricultural laws and reforms

SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES: At the end of the lesson, pupils should be able to

  1. Define land tenure system
  2. State and explain the types of land tenure system
  3. Highlight the advantages and disadvantages of each land tenure system

INSTRUCTIONAL TECHNIQUES: Identification, explanation, questions and answers, demonstration, videos from source

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS: Videos, loud speaker, textbook, pictures








The teacher reviews the previous lesson on roles of the non-governmental organizations in agricultural development

Students pay attention



She explains the meaning of land tenure systems

She states and explains the types of land tenure systems

Students pay attention and participates



She highlights the advantages and disadvantages of each type of land tenure system 

Students pay attention and participate



The teacher writes a summarized note on the board

The students copy the note in their books




Land tenure is defined as the system of land ownership or acquisition either by individual, family, and community or government agency either for temporary or permanent use. It is also the body of right and relationship established among men to control and use land.



  1. COMMUNAL LAND TENURE: This is a traditional ownership of land whereby land is generally regarded as the property of the community. Every member of the community has the right to use the land for agriculture but cannot sell any part of it since it is regarded as a legacy that should not be sold.


  1. Each member of the community has the opportunity to request for farm land to provide food and earn some money for his family.
  2. Co-operative farming is possible since the land is extensive.
  • Large scale farming is possible due to its large size if only community members co-operate.
  1. It is easier to transfer the land to a prospective farmer since individual attachment is almost absent.


  1. Inadequate maintenance of soil fertility.
  2. Non-members of the community cannot have access to the land for farming.
  • There is usually lack of co-operation among community members if the land is to be used for large scale farming.
  1. It leads to fragmentation of land into small and scattered units.
  2. Perennial crops cannot be planted because of possible re-allocation of land to another person.
  3. Mechanization is difficult to introduce because farm lands are scattered and small.
  • It cannot be used as security to obtain loans from banks.



  1. TENURE BASED ON INHERITANCE: This is the type of land tenure in which land is inherited from one’s parents or from one generation to another.


  1. The land can be used as security to obtain loans from bank.
  2. The owner prefers to invest on the land to improve its fertility for agricultural production.
  • Mechanized farming can be practiced if the land is large enough.
  1. Perennial crops can be planted.


  1. It leads to land fragmentation since the land is divided among many children.
  2. Mechanized farming cannot be practiced on small plots of land.
  • Sharing of land can bring about dispute among family members.
  1. Land may belong to people who have no interest in land development or in making the fullest use of the land.


  1. LEASE HOLD TENURE: This is a situation in which the farmer is allowed by the land owner to work on a piece of land for a fixed length of time under stipulated conditions. Certain amount of money is paid as rent for the use of the land. At the expiration of the period of tenancy, the land reverts to the landowner or the agreement may be reviewed if the landlord so desires.


  1. The land is efficiently used.
  2. Easy accessibility of land is possible compared to land in communal ownership.
  • There is no time wasting to acquire or leave the piece of land.
  1. The owner of the piece of land can earn more money.


  1. It cannot be used as security to obtain loans from banks.
  2. The user may not be encouraged to plant perennial crops on a piece of land.
  • It can bring disputes between the tenant and the owner.
  1. It affects long term planning.


  1. TENURE BASED ON FREE GIFT: This is the type of land tenure in which land is donated or given out on good will or free of charge in appreciation or as an incentive.


  1. It ensures the maximum use of the land for increased production.
  2. Large scale farming can be practiced depending on the size of the land.
  • It can be used as security to obtain loans.


  1. The ownership of land can be challenged at anytime.
  2. There may be disagreement over such gifts among family members.
  3. STATE OR GOVERNMENT OWNERSHIP OF LAND: In this system, land belongs to the state or government and persons working or living on the land are tenants of the government.


  1. There is effective government control of land ownership in this system.
  2. The government can earn more money leasing out the land.
  • It encourages government investment on the land.


  1. The system encourages bureaucratic control which may hinder individual initiative and lead to political abuses.
  2. There is monopolistic power over the land as the tenant may not be able to use the land according to their wish.
  • Tenants may tend to lease the piece of land to other people in order to make some money which may hinder development of agriculture.


EVALUATION:   1. Explain the meaning of land tenure system

  1. State and explain the types of land tenure system
  2. Highlight the advantages and disadvantages of land                              tenure system

CLASSWORK: As in evaluation

CONCLUSION: The teacher commends the students positively