# Lesson Notes By Weeks and Term - Primary 6

Frictional Force + Swimming strokes + Scratch project

Term: 3rd Term

Week: 5

Class: Primary 6

Age: 11 years

Duration: 40 minutes of 3 periods

Date:

Subject: Basic Science and Technology

Topic:-       Frictional Force

-        Swimming strokes

-        Scratch project

SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES: At the end of the lesson, pupils should be able to

1. Explain frictional force
2. Discuss instances of application of frictional force in our daily lives
3. Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of frictional force
4. Explain the meaning of swimming
5. Mention and demonstrate the basic skills in swimming
6. Apply scratch programming to execute activity of choice

INSTRUCTIONAL TECHNIQUES: Identification, explanation, playway method, questions and answers, demonstration, videos from source

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS: computer system, projector, sound system, swimming pool, floater, tube/rubber, swimming trunk, swimming cap, swimming goggle, life jacket, video on swimming, charts and pictures of different ways of applying force, rope

INSTRUCTIONAL PROCEDURES

PERIOD 1: Frictional force

 PRESENTATION TEACHER’S ACTIVITY PUPIL’S ACTIVITY STEP 1INTRODUCTION The teacher revises the previous lesson on Force Pupils pay attention STEP 2EXPLANATION She explains the meaning of frictional forceFrictional force refers to the force generated by two surfaces that contact and slide against each otherShe then discusses the application of friction in our everyday livesFriction finds application when matchsticks are ignited.Motion of pistons in a cylinder is an application of friction.It is possible to write on books and board as there is friction between pen and the board.Friction is what holds your shoe to the groundBrushing the teeth to remove particlesIroning a shirt Pupils pay attention and participates STEP 3DEMONSTRATION She analyzes the advantages and disadvantages of frictional forceAdvantagesFriction enables us to walk freely.It helps to support ladder against wall.It becomes possible to transfer one form of energy to another.Objects can be piled up without slipping.Breaks of vehicles work due to friction.It always resists the motion, so extra energy is required to overcome it. DisadvantagesIt always resists the motion, so extra energy is required to overcome it.It causes wear and tear of machines.It decreases the life expectancy of moving parts of vehicles.Since friction is very useful in some cases while harmful in some cases, friction is called a necessary evil. Pupils pay attention and participate STEP 4NOTE TAKING The teacher writes a short note on the board The pupils copy the note in their books

NOTE

Frictional force

Frictional force refers to the force generated by two surfaces that contact and slide against each other

She then discusses the application of friction in our everyday lives

• Friction finds application when matchsticks are ignited.
• Motion of pistons in a cylinder is an application of friction.
• It is possible to write on books and board as there is friction between pen and the board.
• Friction is what holds your shoe to the ground
• Brushing the teeth to remove particles
• Ironing a shirt

• Friction enables us to walk freely.
• It helps to support ladder against wall.
• It becomes possible to transfer one form of energy to another.
• Objects can be piled up without slipping.
• Breaks of vehicles work due to friction.
• It always resists the motion, so extra energy is required to overcome it.

• It always resists the motion, so extra energy is required to overcome it.
• It causes wear and tear of machines.
• It decreases the life expectancy of moving parts of vehicles.

Since friction is very useful in some cases while harmful in some cases, friction is called a necessary evil.

EVALUATION:    1. Define the term ‘Frictional force’

1. List five application of frictional force in our daily lives
2. State two advantages and two disadvantages of frictional force

CLASSWORK: As in evaluation

CONCLUSION: The teacher commends the pupils positively

PERIOD 2 and 3: Swimming. Scratch programming

 PRESENTATION TEACHEIR’S ACTIVITY PUPIL’S ACTIVITY STEP 1INTRODUCTION The teacher revisits the previous lesson on martial arts Pupils pay attention STEP 2EXPLANATION She explains and demonstrates meaning and basic skills in swimming Swimming is the movement of the body in the water using the arms and legs to stay afloat Basic skills in swimming1. breaststroke2. freestyle3. Backstroke Pupils pay attention and participates STEP 3DEMONSTRATION The teacher applies scratch programming to an activity of her choice while the pupils observe Pupils pay attention and participate STEP 4NOTE TAKING The teacher writes a short note on the board The pupils copy the note in their books

NOTE

Meaning and basic skills in swimming

Swimming is the movement of the body in the water using the arms and legs to stay afloat

Basic skills in swimming

1. breaststroke
2. freestyle
3. Backstroke

EVALUATION:    1. Define swimming

1. Outline the skills in swimming

CLASS ACTIVITY I: Pupils in small groups demonstrate the skills involved in swimming

CLASS ACTIVITY II: Pupils as individuals, apply scratch programming to an activity of their choice

CLASSWORK: As in evaluation

CONCLUSION: The teacher commends the pupils positively