# Lesson Notes By Weeks and Term - Primary 6

Colours + Physical fitness + Computer Network

Term: 2nd Term

Week: 5

Class: Primary 6

Age: 11 years

Duration: 40 minutes of 3 periods

Date:

Subject: Basic Science and Technology

Topic:-       Colours

-        Physical fitness

-        Computer Network

SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES: At the end of the lesson, pupils should be able to

1. Mention and identify the components of light(rainbow)
2. Differentiate between primary and secondary colours
3. Name objects that have characteristics of natural colours
4. Explain what Physical fitness is
5. Mention components of physical fitness
6. Demonstrate the components of physical fitness
7. Define each computer network
8. Outline the types of network topology

INSTRUCTIONAL TECHNIQUES: Identification, explanation, playway method, questions and answers, demonstration, videos from source

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS: computer system, projector, sound system, crayons, water colours, coloured plates, glass prism, Kolanut, flowers, yoga mat, bench dip, paper, glue/gum, scissors, clay, cardboard, stone, duster, ruler, strings, balls of different sizes

INSTRUCTIONAL PROCEDURES

PERIOD 1: Colours

 PRESENTATION TEACHER’S ACTIVITY PUPIL’S ACTIVITY STEP 1INTRODUCTION The teacher revises the previous lesson on The solar system Pupils pay attention STEP 2EXPLANATION The teacher enumerates the components of the rainbow A rainbow shows up as a spectrum of light: a band of familiar colors that include red, orange, yellow, green, blue, and violet. The name "Roy G. Biv" is an easy way to remember the colors of the rainbow, and the order in which they appear: red, orange, yellow, green, blue, indigo, and violet Pupils pay attention and participates STEP 3DEMONSTRATION She explains the primary and secondary colours and gives examples of each Primary colours are basic colours that can be mixed together to produce other colours. They are usually considered to be red, yellow and  blue. Secondary colours are colours formed by mixing two primary colors in equal or equivalent quantitiesExamples of secondary coloursBlue and red mixed together make purple.Yellow and red mixed together make orange.Blue and yellow mixed together make green. She lists objects that have characteristics of national coloursCatechu or Cutch tree (brown)Gamboge tree resin (dark mustard yellow)Chestnut hulls (peach to brown)Himalayan rhubarb root (bronze, yellow)Indigofera leaves (blue)Kamala seed pods (yellow)Madder root (red, pink, orange)Mangosteen peel (green, brown, dark brown, purple, crimson) Pupils pay attention and participate STEP 4NOTE TAKING The teacher writes a short note on the board The pupils copy the note in their books

NOTE

Components of light(rainbow)

A rainbow shows up as a spectrum of light: a band of familiar colors that include red, orange, yellow, green, blue, and violet. The name "Roy G. Biv" is an easy way to remember the colors of the rainbow, and the order in which they appear: red, orange, yellow, green, blue, indigo, and violet

Primary and secondary colours and their examples

Primary colours are basic colours that can be mixed together to produce other colours. They are usually considered to be red, yellow and blue.

Secondary colours are colours formed by mixing two primary colors in equal or equivalent quantities

Examples of secondary colours

• Blue and red mixed together make purple.
• Yellow and red mixed together make orange.
• Blue and yellow mixed together make green.

Objects that have characteristics of national colours

• Catechu or Cutch tree (brown)
• Gamboge tree resin (dark mustard yellow)
• Chestnut hulls (peach to brown)
• Himalayan rhubarb root (bronze, yellow)
• Indigofera leaves (blue)
• Kamala seed pods (yellow)
• Madder root (red, pink, orange)
• Mangosteen peel (green, brown, dark brown, purple, crimson)

EVALUATION:    1. In order, write all the components of the rainbow

1. Differentiate between primary and secondary colours giving the examples of each
2. Name five objects that have characteristics of natural colours

CLASS ACTIVITY: Pupils as individuals, mix colours to form other colours and share with the class their observations and results

CLASSWORK: As in evaluation

CONCLUSION: The teacher commends the pupils positively

PERIOD 2 and 3: Physical fitness. Computer network

 PRESENTATION TEACHEIR’S ACTIVITY PUPIL’S ACTIVITY STEP 1INTRODUCTION The teacher revisits the previous lesson on sports facilities and equipment Pupils pay attention STEP 2EXPLANATION She further explains what physical fitness is- Physical fitness is the ability of the body to function both effectively and efficiently when performing physical activity without becoming exhausted too quickly. She then demonstrates the components of physical fitness using various activities1. Agility: It is defined as the ability to move with speed and ease. Activities that build agility are lateral running, jump box drills etc2. Endurance: It is the ability to put up with strain, suffering, or hardship. Activities that build endurance are long hike, walking briskly, biking, jumping rope etc3. Strength: It is how strong one is. Activities that build strength are weight lifting, cycling, push-ups, sit ups etc4. Flexibility: It is the ability to move the joints freely. Activities that build flexibility are yoga, pilates, stretching etc Pupils pay attention and participates STEP 3DEMONSTRATION The teacher lists and explains each computer network1.   PAN (Personal Area Network) is a computer network formed around a person.2.   A local area network (LAN) is a collection of devices connected together in one physical location, such as a building, office, or home. A LAN can be small or large, ranging from a home network with one user to an enterprise network with thousands of users and devices in an office or school.3.   A Metropolitan Area Network or MAN is consisting of a computer network across an entire city, college campus, or a small region.4.   a wide-area network (WAN) is a collection of local-area networks (LANs) or other networks that communicate with one another. A WAN is essentially a network of networks, with the Internet the world's largest WAN.5.   WLANWLAN (Wireless Local Area Network) helps you to link single or multiple devices using wireless communication within a limited area like home, school, or office building.6.   Storage-Area Network (SAN)A Storage Area Network is a type of network which allows consolidated, block-level data storage.She defines and outlines the types of network topologyNetwork topology describes the physical and logical relationship of nodes in a network, the schematic arrangement of the links and nodes, or some hybrid combination thereof.Types of network topology1.   Bus Topology.2.   Ring Topology.3.   Star Topology.4.   Mesh Topology.5.   Tree Topology.6.   Hybrid TopologyShe further discusses the advantages and uses of computer networksResource Sharing.Simultaneous Access.High Reliability due to Alternative Sources of Records.Cost Reduction.  Provide Communication Medium.Access to Remote Information.Person-to-Person Communication. Pupils pay attention and participate STEP 4NOTE TAKING The teacher writes a short note on the board The pupils copy the note in their books

NOTE

PHYSICAL FITNESS

Physical fitness is the ability of the body to function both effectively and efficiently when performing physical activity without becoming exhausted too quickly.

Components of physical fitness using various activities

1. Agility: It is defined as the ability to move with speed and ease. Activities that build agility are lateral running, jump box drills etc
2. Endurance: It is the ability to put up with strain, suffering, or hardship. Activities that build endurance are long hike, walking briskly, biking, jumping rope etc
3. Strength: It is how strong one is. Activities that build strength are weight lifting, cycling, push-ups, sit ups etc
4. Flexibility: It is the ability to move the joints freely. Activities that build flexibility are yoga, pilates, stretching etc

Computer network

1. PAN (Personal Area Network) is a computer network formed around a person.
2. A local area network (LAN) is a collection of devices connected together in one physical location, such as a building, office, or home. A LAN can be small or large, ranging from a home network with one user to an enterprise network with thousands of users and devices in an office or school.
3. A Metropolitan Area Network or MAN is consisting of a computer network across an entire city, college campus, or a small region.
4. a wide-area network (WAN) is a collection of local-area networks (LANs) or other networks that communicate with one another. A WAN is essentially a network of networks, with the Internet the world's largest WAN.
5. WLAN

WLAN (Wireless Local Area Network) helps you to link single or multiple devices using wireless communication within a limited area like home, school, or office building.

1. Storage-Area Network (SAN)

A Storage Area Network is a type of network which allows consolidated, block-level data storage.

Network topology

Network topology describes the physical and logical relationship of nodes in a network, the schematic arrangement of the links and nodes, or some hybrid combination thereof.

Types of network topology

1. Bus Topology.
2. Ring Topology.
3. Star Topology.
4. Mesh Topology.
5. Tree Topology.
6. Hybrid Topology

Advantages and uses of computer networks

1. Resource Sharing.
2. Simultaneous Access.
3. High Reliability due to Alternative Sources of Records.
4. Cost Reduction.
5. Provide Communication Medium.
7. Person-to-Person Communication.

EVALUATION:    1. Define Physical fitness

1. List and explain four types of computer networks
2. Explain the meaning of network topology
3. List five types of network topology
4. Describe four advantages and uses of computer network

CLASS ACTIVITY: Pupils in pairs, demonstrate these components of physical fitness

1. endurance
2. agility
3. strength
4. flexibility

CLASSWORK: As in evaluation

CONCLUSION: The teacher commends the pupils positively