# Lesson Notes By Weeks and Term - Primary 5

Matter + Gymnastics + Internet safety

Term: 2nd Term

Week: 7

Class: Primary 5

Age: 10 years

Duration: 40 minutes of 3 periods

Date:

Subject: Basic Science and Technology

Topic:-       Matter

-        Gymnastics

-        Internet safety

SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES: At the end of the lesson, pupils should be able to

1. Explain the meaning of matter
2. Explain what an atom is and relate it to matter
3. Identify the states of matter
4. Analyse how particles are packed in solid, liquid and gases
5. Explain the concept of evaporation, condensation, melting and freezing
6. Mention floor activities
7. Mention apparatus activities
8. Define internet safety
9. Outline ways of using the internet safely
10. Define online threats
11. Outline types of online threats

INSTRUCTIONAL TECHNIQUES: Identification, explanation, playway method, questions and answers, demonstration, videos from source

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS: water, nail, hammer, wood, balloon, straw, ice cubes, pebbles, yoga mat, bench dip, charts, pictures, computer set, projector, sound system,

INSTRUCTIONAL PROCEDURES

PERIOD 1: States of Matter

 PRESENTATION TEACHER’S ACTIVITY PUPIL’S ACTIVITY STEP 1INTRODUCTION The teacher revises the previous lesson on matter Pupils pay attention STEP 2EXPLANATION She explain meaning of matter and an atomMatter is a substance made up of various types of particles that occupies physical space An atom is the basic building block of chemistry. It is the smallest unit into which matter can be divided without the release of electrically charged particles. It also is the smallest unit of matter that has the characteristic properties of a chemical element. She further explains that there are three states of matterThere are three states of matter: solid; liquid and gas. Pupils pay attention and participates STEP 3DEMONSTRATION She describes the properties of the three states of matterSolids1.   Solid are characterized by structural rigidity and resistance to changes of shape or volume.2.   Unlike a liquid, a solid object does not flow to take on the shape of its container3.   it does expands to fill the entire volume available to it like a gasExamples of SolidsGold.Wood.Sand.Steel.Brick.Rock.Copper.Brass.LiquidsLiquids have fixed volume, but not fixed shape. ...Particles of Liquids are closely to each other (but not as close as solids)Liquid does not fill container completely like gases. ...Liquids are able to flow easily as particles are able to slide over each other.Examples of LiquidsWater.Milk.Blood.Urine.Gasoline.Mercury (an element)Bromine (an element)Wine GasesProperties of gases1. they are easy to compress2. they expand to fill their containers3. they occupy far more space than the liquids or solids from which they form.Examples of gases includeHydrogen.Nitrogen.Oxygen.Carbon Dioxide.Carbon Monoxide.Water Vapour.Helium.Neon.She then explains the following concepts Evaporation happens when a liquid turns into a gas. It can be easily visualized when rain puddles “disappear” on a hot day or when wet clothes dry in the sun. In these examples, the liquid water is not actually vanishing—it is evaporating into a gas, called water vapor. Condensation is the process where water vapor becomes liquid. It is the reverse of evaporation, where liquid water becomes a vapor Melting means The definition of melt is to turn from a solid to liquid as a result of exposure to heat. An example of melt is what an ice cube does when exposed to the sun. Freezing is the process when a liquid turns into a solid. Freezing occurs when heat is lost from an object, which causes the molecules to slow down and form tighter bonds. One example of freezing is when water turns into ice. Freezing is the opposite of melting Pupils pay attention and participate STEP 4NOTE TAKING The teacher writes a short note on the board The pupils copy the note in their books

NOTE

Matter

Matter is a substance made up of various types of particles that occupies physical space

An atom is the basic building block of chemistry. It is the smallest unit into which matter can be divided without the release of electrically charged particles. It also is the smallest unit of matter that has the characteristic properties of a chemical element.

There are three states of matter: solid; liquid and gas.

Properties of the three states of matter

Solids

1. Solid are characterized by structural rigidity and resistance to changes of shape or volume.
2. Unlike a liquid, a solid object does not flow to take on the shape of its container
3. it does expands to fill the entire volume available to it like a gas

Examples of Solids

1. Gold.
2. Wood.
3. Sand.
4. Steel.
5. Brick.
6. Rock.
7. Copper.
8. Brass.

Liquids

1. Liquids have fixed volume, but not fixed shape. ...
2. Particles of Liquids are closely to each other (but not as close as solids)
3. Liquid does not fill container completely like gases. ...
4. Liquids are able to flow easily as particles are able to slide over each other.

Examples of Liquids

1. Water.
2. Milk.
3. Blood.
4. Urine.
5. Gasoline.
6. Mercury (an element)
7. Bromine (an element)
8. Wine

Gases

Properties of gases

1. they are easy to compress
2. they expand to fill their containers
3. they occupy far more space than the liquids or solids from which they form.

Examples of gases include

1. Hydrogen.
2. Nitrogen.
3. Oxygen.
4. Carbon Dioxide.
5. Carbon Monoxide.
6. Water Vapour.
7. Helium.
8. Neon.

Concept of evaporation, condensation, melting and freezing

Evaporation happens when a liquid turns into a gas. It can be easily visualized when rain puddles “disappear” on a hot day or when wet clothes dry in the sun. In these examples, the liquid water is not actually vanishing—it is evaporating into a gas, called water vapor.

Condensation is the process where water vapor becomes liquid. It is the reverse of evaporation, where liquid water becomes a vapor

Melting means the definition of melt is to turn from a solid to liquid as a result of exposure to heat. An example of melt is what an ice cube does when exposed to the sun.

Freezing is the process when a liquid turns into a solid. Freezing occurs when heat is lost from an object, which causes the molecules to slow down and form tighter bonds. One example of freezing is when water turns into ice. Freezing is the opposite of melting

EVALUATION:    1. Explain the meaning of Matter

1. Explain the meaning of atom as it relates to matter
2. Mention the three states of matter
3. Describe two properties each of
4. solids
5. liquids
6. gases
7. Give three examples each of
8. solids
9. liquids
10. gases
11. Explain these concepts
12. evaporation
13. condensation
14. melting
15. freezing

CLASSWORK: As in evaluation

CONCLUSION: The teacher commends the pupils positively

PERIOD 2 AND 3: Gymnastics. Internet safety

 PRESENTATION TEACHEIR’S ACTIVITY PUPIL’S ACTIVITY STEP 1INTRODUCTION The teacher revisits the previous lesson on gymnastics Pupils pay attention STEP 2EXPLANATION She outlines some floor activities in gymnastics1. Back handspring2. Front handspring3. Front walkover4. Back walkover5. Somersault6. Backward somersault7. Cartwheel8. Roundoff9. Aerial cartwheel10. Aerial walkover11. Straight jump12. Scissors leap13. Split leap14. Cross handstand She outlines some Apparatus activities in gymnastics In women’s competition, the other events are balance beam, uneven bars, and the vault. In men’s competition, the other events are parallel bars, pommel horse, still rings, and the vault. Pupils pay attention and participates STEP 3DEMONSTRATION She explains the meaning of internet safety and highlights ways we can use the internet safelyOnline safety refers to the act of staying safe online Ways we can use the internet safelyProtect your personal information with strong passwords.  Keep personal information private.Make sure your devices are secure.Pay attention to software updates.Be careful about wifi.Set up two-factor authentication.Back up your personal data.She further online threats and types of online threatOnline threats, are a category of cybersecurity risks that may cause an undesirable event or action via the internetCommon Online threats1.   Computer Viruses. Computer viruses are the most common among internet security threats out there.2.   Malware.  3.   Phishing.  4.   Botnets.  5.   Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS)  6.   Trojan Horse.7.   SQL Injection Attack. Pupils pay attention and participate STEP 4NOTE TAKING The teacher writes a short note on the board The pupils copy the note in their books

NOTE

Floor activities in gymnastics

1. Back handspring
2. Front handspring
3. Front walkover
4. Back walkover
5. Somersault
6. Backward somersault
7. Cartwheel
8. Roundoff
9. Aerial cartwheel
10. Aerial walkover
11. Straight jump
12. Scissors leap
13. Split leap
14. Cross handstand

Apparatus activities in gymnastics

In women’s competition, the other events are balance beam, uneven bars, and the vault. In men’s competition, the other events are parallel bars, pommel horse, still rings, and the vault.

Online safety

Online safety refers to the act of staying safe online

Ways we can use the internet safely

2. Keep personal information private.
3. Make sure your devices are secure.
4. Pay attention to software updates.
6. Set up two-factor authentication.
7. Back up your personal data.

Online threats

Online threats, are a category of cybersecurity risks that may cause an undesirable event or action via the internet

Common Online threats

1. Computer Viruses. Computer viruses are the most common among internet security threats out there.
2. Malware
3. Phishing
4. Botnets
5. Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS)
6. Trojan Horse.
7. SQL Injection Attack.

EVALUATION:    1. List five floor activities in gymnastics

1. List two apparatus activities each both for men and women in gymnastics
2. Define
3. Internet safety
4. Online threats
5. Highlight four ways of using the internet safely
6. List four types of online threats

CLASS ACTIVITY: Pupils in pairs, demonstrate some of the floor activities in gymnastics

CLASSWORK: As in evaluation

CONCLUSION: The teacher commends the pupils positively