Lesson Notes By Weeks and Term - Primary 4


TERM: 3rd Term

SUBJECT: Grammar



AGE: 9 years

DURATION : 2 periods of 40 mins each


TOPIC : Proverbs

CONTENT : Proverbs III

SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES: By the end of the lesson, pupils should be able to;

  1. Explain the meaning of proverbs
  2. List some proverbs and their meaning

SET INDUCTION : The teachers uses pictures of words and sentences indicating Proverbs to arouse the interest of the pupils

INSTRUCTIONAL TECHNIQUES : Discussion, group activities,

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS : The New First Aid in English by Angus Maciver page 108-109, flash cards, sentence strips and charts on the use of Proverbs


PERIOD 1 AND 2: Proverbs







The teacher revises the previous lesson

Pupils observe, learn and participate



The teacher explains the meaning of proverb and gives examples of proverbs


A proverb is a traditional saying or phrase that expresses a perceived truth. Proverbs often give practical advice and are based on the shared human experience


Here are a list of some proverbs and their meanings

1.  Necessity is the mother of invention
Meaning: When you really need something, you find a way to meet the need

2.  Never put off until tomorrow what you can do today
Meaning: Do not delay a task if you can do it immediately

3.  Practice makes perfect
Meaning: You become better at a skill by practising it

4.  A friend in need is a friend indeed
Meaning: A true friend is one who helps you when you need it

5.  Mind your own business
Meaning: To not interfere in someone else’s matter

6.  Practice what you preach
Meaning: Follow what you want others to follow

7.  Rome wasn’t built in a day
Meaning: Good work takes time

8.  Forgive and forget
Meaning: Pardon and hold no resentment regarding a certain event

9.  Two wrongs don’t make a right
Meaning: Someone’s wrongful conduct is not a justification for acting in the same way


10.  Look before you leap
Meaning: Act after considering the possible consequences

11.  Fortune favours the bold
Meaning: Courageous actions are often rewarded

12.  Out of sight, out of mind
Meaning: People or things that are no longer present are easily forgotten

13.  To kill two birds with one stone
Meaning: Achieving two goals at once

14.  Good things come to those who wait
Meaning: Patience is rewarded

15.  Great minds think alike
Meaning: Intelligent people have similar ideas

16.  Once bitten, twice shy
Meaning: One unpleasant experience leads to caution

17.  Money doesn’t grow on trees
Meaning: It requires effort to earn money

18.  The pen is mightier than the sword
Meaning: Written words are more effective than brute force

19.  Birds of a feather flock together
Meaning: One tends to stick together with similar minded people

20. Absence makes the heart grow fonder
Meaning: We love the people who are not with us more in their absence

21. A cat has nine lives
Meaning: Cats can survive the most fatal of accidents

22. A drowning man will clutch at a straw
Meaning: If someone is in a difficult or tough situation, he/ she will grasp on any available opportunity to improve it

23. A leopard doesn’t change its spots
Meaning: A person cannot change his/her innate character, especially the bad aspects

24. All’s well that ends well
Meaning: It doesn’t matter how many problems in the world as long as the result is good

25. Among the blind the one-eyed man is king
Meaning: Even an incapable person can come to a powerful position if others in the fray are even more incapable

26. An empty vessel makes much noise 
Meaning: People who are stupid or foolish are the most talkative

27. A rolling stone gathers no moss
Meaning: A person who keeps changing his/her jobs always has the advantage of fewer responsibilities and also the disadvantage of no particular place to live

28. Cleanliness is next to Godliness
Meaning: Cleanliness is a good virtue. It is next to Godliness. 


29. Curiosity killed the cat
Meaning: You should never poke your nose in the business of others. It can be dangerous

30. Practice what you preach
Meaning: Behave the way you encourage other people to behave

Pupils observe, learn and participate



The pupils are asked to

1. Explain the meaning of proverb

2. List ten proverbs you know and their meaning

- Pupils observe, learn and participate



As in evaluation

Pupils observe, learn and participate



As in classwork

Pupils participate



The teacher marks their books, corrects it and commend the pupils


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