# Lesson Notes By Weeks and Term - Primary 3

Positions and directions

TERM: 3rd Term

WEEK: 9

CLASS: Primary 3

AGE: 8 years

DURATION: 5 periods of 40 minutes each

DATE:

SUBJECT: Mathematics

TOPIC: Positions and directions

SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES: At the end of the lesson, the pupils should be able to

1. Follow directions from one place to another using a grid.
2. Read, interpret and draw informal maps.
3. Find objects on maps.
4. Follow directions from one place to another on an informal map.

INSTRUCTIONAL TECHNIQUES: Explanation, question and answer, demonstration, practical, assessments

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS: Blindfolds, Map of your school (top view), counters. (You need to get the copy of your school map at the office.

They will have a map diagram of the school for safety purposes in the office. Make a copy that you can give to learners or draw on the board for them to copy.) videos from source-

PERIOD 1: Position and direction

 PRESENTATION TEACHER’S ACTIVITY PUPIL’S ACTIVITY STEP 1MENTAL MATHS The teacher begins the lesson with some mental calculationsCalculate1. __ + 10 = 19 2. __ + 10 = 20 3. __ + 10 = 10 4. __ + 10 = 15 5. __ + 10 = 13  6. __ – 10 = 97. __ – 10 = 08. __ – 10 = 39. __ – 10 = 1010. __ – 10 = 1 Pupils respond and participate STEP 2CONCEPTDEVELOPMENT The teacher Takes the class outside for this activity.• Lets the learners stand in a line next to one another on the field. Ask them to face you.• Tells them:−− Take 5 steps forward and then stop.−− Remain facing forward; take 3 steps to the left.−− Take 7 steps backwards and stop.−− Sit down where you are.−− All the boys stand up and take 10 steps forwards and 4 steps to the left. Sit down.−− The girls stand up and take 9 steps forwards, 4 steps to the left and 1 step forward. Sit down.• Asks them: What have you noticed? (We are in a line again)• Explains to the class that following these instructions is like following instructions to make a path in a grid – this leads into the classwork activity. They need to understand how to move up/down; right/left.• Goes back into class for the remainder of the lesson CLASS ACTIVITYThe teacherGo back into the classroom for this activity. * Draw a grid on the board before the lesson to save time. Indicate a starting point (dark block) and show how tomake the path on the grid: Move 5 blocks up, 3 to the right, 7 blocks down and 6 to the left. Where are you? (grey block with spots)ACTIVITY IIThe teacherDoes this as part of Activity 1 if there is time.• Learners get into pairs. One of the pair has to be blindfolded.• The other one moves to somewhere within hearing distance on the field.• Start giving your friend directions to get back to where you are.• Learners swop blindfolds and repeat the exercise. Pupils pay attention and participate STEP 3CLASS-WORK 1. Use the grids to colour the paths. Use a new grid for each question.a) Start at the black block. Go 3 blocks up. Go 4 blocks right. Go 2 blocks up. Go 6 blocks left.Go 2 blocks down. Draw a face in the block where you stopped.b) Start at the black block. Go 2 blocks left. Go 9 blocks up. Go 6 blocks right. Go 4 blocks down.Draw a star in the block where you stopped.c) Start at the black block. Go 5 blocks right. Go 5 blocks up. Go 5 blocks left. Go 4 blocks up.Draw a circle in the block where you stopped. Pupils attempt their class work STEP 4HOME-WORK The frog is in Row 2 Column 2. It moves three blocks down, then two blocks to the right, three blocks up and two blocks to the left. Draw the path the frog takes. Where does it end up? STEP 5SUMMARY The teacher summarizes by reminding the pupils how to Follow directions from one place to another using a grid. She marks their class works, makes corrections where necessary and commends them positively

PERIOD 2: Position and direction - maps

PERIOD 3: Map work

PERIOD 4: Map work

PERIOD 5: Weekly Test/consolidations

TEACHER’S ACTIVITY: The teacher revises all the concepts treated from period 1-4 and gives the pupils follow through exercises, quiz and tests. She marks the exercises, makes corrections and commends the pupils positively.

PUPIL’S ACTIVITY: The pupils work on the worksheets and exercises given by the teacher individually

CONSOLIDATION