Lesson Notes By Weeks and Term - Primary 2

Major towns: Ibadan, Aba, Calabar, Port harcourt

TERM: 2nd Term


CLASS: Primary 2

AGE: 7 years

DURATION: 40 minutes


SUBJECT: History

TOPIC: Major towns: Ibadan, Aba, Calabar, Port harcourt

SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES: At the end of the lesson, the pupils should be able to

  1. Discuss about Ibadan, Aba, Calabar, Port harcourt

INSTRUCTIONAL TECHNIQUES: Identification, explanation, questions and answers, demonstration, story-telling, videos from source

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS: Maps showing major towns in Nigeria







The teacher revises the previous lesson on the major towns in Nigeria

Pupils  pay attention



She then explains the meaning of a town

A town is a place with many streets and buildings, where people live and work. Towns are larger than villages and smaller than cities.

Pupils pay attention and participate



She describes the Ibadan, Aba, Calabar, Port harcourt major towns.

Pupils pay attention and participate



The teacher writes a short note on the board for the pupils to copy

The pupils copy the note from the board



A town is a place with many streets and buildings, where people live and work. Towns are larger than villages and smaller than cities.


It is the capital of Oyo state. It is the country’s largest city by geographical area. It is a popular transit route between the coastal areas and areas in the hinterland of the country. It was the centre of administration of the old Western region since the days of the British colonial rule. Its estimated population is 3,000,000.



It is the main city centre and the heartbeat of Abia state. It is located on the Aba river. The indigenous people of Aba are the Ngwa. Aba is well known for its craftsmen. Aba’s major contributions are textiles and palm oil along with pharmaceuticals, plastis, cement and cosmetics which made the Ariaria International Market the largest market in West Africa. There is also a Heineken brewery, a glass company and distillery within the city. In 1901, The British founded a military post in Aba and in 1915, a railroad was constructed to link it to Port Harcourt, which transported  agricultural goods such as palm oil, palm kernels etc. its estimated population is 2,434,265.



It is the capital of Cross river state. It is originally named Akwa Akpa, in Efik language. It is often described as the tourism capital of Nigeria. Calabar has three principal kingdoms, namely: The Efut and the Efik kingdoms. The qua kingdom has the Niddem of the Qua nation as the Grand Patriarch, the Efut have the Muri munene as the Grand Patriarch and the Efik kingdom patriarch is the Obong. Witin te last 100 years, a gentleman’s agreement to merge these three zones into one, with a single titular head as the Obong, and the distribution and opening up of the title to all Efik wards was reached.

The indigenes are known for their artistic skills, rich food, culture and traditions. Their main occupation is agriculture and fishing. They are majorly Christians. Its estimated population is 371,022



It is the capital city of River state. In 1956 crude oil was discovered in commercial quantities of Oloibiri, an Ijaw settlement and Port Harcourt’s economy turned to petroleum when the first shipment of Nigerian crude oil was exported through the city in 1958. Port Harcourt’s primary airport is Port Harcourt International Airport, located at the outskirts of the city. Its estimated population is 2,000,000


EVALUATION:    1. Define the term ‘Town’

  1. Discuss briefly about these towns
  2. Ibadan
  3. Aba
  4. Calabar
  5. Port Harcourt

CLASSWORK: As in evaluation

CONCLUSION: The teacher marks their books and commends them positively

© Lesson Notes All Rights Reserved 2023