Lesson Notes By Weeks and Term - Junior Secondary School 3

Browse through topics for Junior Secondary 3 1st, 2nd and 3rd Terms, All Weeks, All Subjects

Week: 2

Term: 2nd Term

Class: Junior Secondary School 3

Age: 14 years

Duration: 40 minutes of 2 periods


Subject: Agriculture

Topic:-       Farm records 

SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES: At the end of the lesson, pupils should be able to

  1. Mention and explain the types of farm records

INSTRUCTIONAL TECHNIQUES: Identification, explanation, questions and answers, demonstration, videos from source

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS: Videos, loud speaker, textbook, pictures








The teacher revises the previous lesson on farm records

Students pay attention



The teacher mentions the types of farm records

Students pay attention and participates



She explains each type of farm record

Students pay attention and participate



The teacher writes a summarized note on the board

The students copy the note in their books




  1. Farm Diary
    A farm diary records the different farm operations and when they are
    carried out daily and throughout the year.
  2. Farm Inventory
    Farm inventory is a detailed list of all items on the farm including household goods, furniture etc.
  3. Consumption Records
    When a farmer is engaged in a fattening operation, he needs a different type of livestock record. In his case, he should keep a record on each animal. His record notebook should show the weight on the date he begins to feed the animals and the weight on the date he stops feeding
    Then He can then have a measurement of how well the animals have grown over the period of fattening.

The farmer may also use some of the farm produce for home consumption. This should also be recorded. The value of what has been consumed in the household should be the cost of these items if they were to be bought in the open market.

  1. Input Records
    The book should carry the type of crop on each plot showing the plot size
    and the identification or number of the plot, the date of planting as well
    as the amount of seed or planting materials used. Other inputs to be
    recorded include amount of fertilizer, and herbicide applied, cost of spraying with insecticides and the quantity used and cultural operations such as the number of hand weeding that were carried out, the number of labourers used as well as their wages.
  2. Production Records
    For crops, their yields are rended for each plot after harvest. For the
    rice crop, both the paddy rice weight as well as the weight of the milled rice are recorded. These figures will give the farmer an idea of the efficiency of his rice mill.
    In a good livestock farm, let’s say in a poultry farm for instance, the farmer may want to know how many birds he has in lay, how many eggs he obtains in a day how much food the birds eat in a day to produce that number of eggs, and how many birds survive from day to day or from week to week.
    These records help to check stealing of animals and also lets the farmer know of births and issues due to diseases.

A separate record should be kept for each farm stock

  1. Sales Records/Profit and Loss Account
    A farmer has to keep a simple account book of his sales and receipts as well as his expenses and purchases. Each time he buys or sells anything, he should record the date, the details of the operations as well as the amount involved.

EVALUATION:    1. Mention and explain the types of farm records

CLASSWORK: As in evaluation

CONCLUSION: The teacher commends the students positively