Class: Junior Secondary School 2
Term: 1st Term
Age: 13 years
Duration: 40 minutes of 2 periods
Topic:- Cultural Practices
SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES: At the end of the lesson, pupils should be able to
- Describe the post-planting operations
- State the effects of timely harvesting and late harvesting
INSTRUCTIONAL TECHNIQUES: Identification, explanation, questions and answers, demonstration, videos from source
INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS: Videos, loud speaker, textbook, pictures
The teacher revises the previous lesson on planting operations
Students pay attention
The teacher explains the meaning of post-planting operations
Students pay attention and participates
She then discusses each of the post-planting operations. She further states the effects of timely harvesting and late harvesting
Students pay attention and participate
The teacher writes a summarized note on the board
The students copy the note in their books
These are activities that take place after the planting of seeds or transforming of seedlings.
- Thinning: it is the removal of extra seedlings from a stand, to give room for others to grow. Thinning is best done after the rains when the soil is moistened
- Supplying: This is the re-planting of seeds that failed to germinate or thrive. Supplying should take place within the first week of germination to maintain uniform growth and harvesting
- Mulching: this is the covering of the soil surface with grass, crop residues, straw, sawdust or ground corn cobs in order to reduce loss of soil water by evaporation.
- Manuring/Fertilizer application: this is the application of organic manures or inorganic fertilizers to improve crop growth quality and yield
- Weeding: this is the removal of unwanted plants on the farm
- Watering: Moisture is needed for the germination of seeds as a result most seeds are planted during the rainy season when the soil is moist.
- Staking: this is the act of supporting twinning and creeping crops to climb the stake. This is done to raise their stems and leaves from the ground to receive sunlight for photosynthesis.
- Earthening up: it involves using a draw hoe or drag fork to draw up soil around plants. This prevents the greening of tubers and blight infection.
- Pesticide spraying: A pesticide is a chemical substance used for the control of agricultural pests. Pests are plants and animals that trouble crops.
- Pruning: This is the careful cutting of the crowns of shrubs and tree crops at their outer edges to form defined shapes
- Harvesting: This is the farm activity that involves the removal and gathering of mature crops for processing, home consumption, Storage or sales.
EFFECTS OF TIMELY AND LATE HARVESTING
- it protects crops from pest infestation in the farm
- prevents deterioration
- makes for proper storage
- attracts good market values or prices
- pest infestation
- reduces storage quality
- leads to spoilage
- exposes crops to thieves and predators
- can be affected by weather conditions
- can attract poor market prices
EVALUATION: 1. Define the term “Post-Planting operations”
- Discuss all the post-planting operations
- What are the effects of
- timely harvesting
- late harvesting
CLASSWORK: As in evaluation
CONCLUSION: The teacher commends the students positively