Browse through topics for Junior Secondary 2 1st, 2nd and 3rd Terms, All Weeks, All Subjects
Class: Junior Secondary School 2
Term: 1st Term
Age: 13 years
Duration: 40 minutes of 2 periods
Topic: Cultural Practices
SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES: At the end of the lesson, pupils should be able to
INSTRUCTIONAL TECHNIQUES: Identification, explanation, questions and answers, demonstration, videos from source
INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS: Videos, loud speaker, textbook, pictures
The teacher revises the previous lesson on sexual propagation
Students pay attention
The teacher explains the meaning of pre-planting operations
Students pay attention and participates
She then discusses each of the pre-planting operations
Students pay attention and participate
The teacher writes a summarized note on the board
The students copy the note in their books
Pre-planting operations are activities carried out before crop cultivation
Pre-planting operations include
Guidelines for choice of site
features of the farm
Importance of surveying
of axes, hoes and cutlasses for small farms and bulldozers and tractors on
up from the soil so that they will not disturb equipment during harrowing
and ridging exercises. Stumping is usually done in dry season.
ranging pole peg and a measuring tape.
Factors that affect plotting
can be done manually using hoes and mechanically using tractors, disc
plough or ridger.
Advantages of tilling
Tilling can be categorized into primary tillage- harrowing and secondary
Ploughing: it is the breaking up of soil into large clods. Ploughing is
followed by harrowing.
Harrowing: It is the breaking up of soil into smaller clods after the initial ploughing in readiness for ridging
in readiness for planting. They can be made manually, with a tractor
mounted ridger or a reversible disc plough
product yield. It is suggested that the seeds be winnowed to remove the
chaff on the seed
section of the farm in preparation for transplanting into the main garden.
However, seedlings can be raised in nursery trays, empty boxes/pots,
empty cartons and seed trays.
Notes on Nursery
cheap and easy to carry during transplanting
4. it is important to protect nurseries from rainfall and sunshine at the early
stages of their development
5. When the plants have reached the 4-6 leaf stage or one month of age in
EVALUATION: 1. Define the term “Pre-planting operations”
CLASSWORK: As in evaluation
CONCLUSION: The teacher commends the students positively