Lesson Notes By Weeks and Term - Junior Secondary School 2

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Week: 1

Class: Junior Secondary School 2

Term: 1st Term

Age: 13 years

Duration: 40 minutes of 2 periods


Subject: Agriculture

Topic:         Farm structures

SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES: At the end of the lesson, pupils should be able to

  1. Define farm structures
  2. Discuss some examples of farm structures

INSTRUCTIONAL TECHNIQUES: Identification, explanation, questions and answers, demonstration, videos from source

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS: Videos, loud speaker, textbook, pictures








The teacher revises the previous knowledge of the pupils with regards to what they think Agriculture is.

Students pay attention



She introduces the topic by explaining what farm structures are

Students pay attention and participates



She then discusses some examples of farm structures

Students pay attention and participate



The teacher writes a summarized note on the board

The students copy the note in their books




Farm structures are buildings designed for a particular purpose so that farm

operations will be easier.

The following are some of the popular farm structures

  1. Barns: It is constructed using sticks, mud and thatch. It is a framework of vertical and horizontal sticks with palm fronds overhead for tying and storing yams in rows
  2. Silos: it is a structure used in larger farms to store grains and beans. It can be constructed in a circular and rectangular form.
  3. Rhombus: It is a constructed round base seated on a raised mud platform. It is covered with tightly woven grasses or thatch. It is used in storing grains like maize, sorghum, millet, cowpea and groundnuts
  4. Paddock: It is a structure used in the management of a rangeland. It can be divided into smaller units for feeding or grazing animals
  5. Fish pond: It is an artificial lake constructed in a conducive environment for raising fishes. Usually it has a spillway known as the MUNK which allows the pond water to drain out
  6. Feed mills: they are constructed to make animal feed in farms.
  7. Cribs: These are farm structures used in storing grains.
  8. Fences: They are structures used for walling round the farm for security.

The objectives of fences are as follows

  1. confine farm animals where they can graze
  2. protects crops and animals form thieves and harmful animals
  3. they mark boundary between two farms
  4. Animal dips: it is a constructed depression made with concrete on the ground and used as a bath for livestock. During the bath, the animal is made to get soaked into a solution of pesticide in water in the dip.
  5. Irrigation canal and tanks: these are structures used for irrigating the farm especially in Northern Nigeria. They are constructed to carry water from rivers, lakes or streams to the fields
  6. Water tanks: a water tank is usually installed or elevated on hilly ground within the vicinity of the farm.
  7. Dams: it is a barrier made with stones, wood and mud or concrete across a river or stream to hold back water for irrigating crops and providing drinking water for animals
  8. compost pits: These are pits dug on the farm for making compost manure for crops, waste plant and animal materials are allowed to decay in the compost pit until they form manure
  9. Waste pits: these are deep pits dug outside the farm for disposal of all wastes and useless products of the farm
  10. Crushes: These are fence-like structures used for restraining the movement of animals that require close observation and handling


EVALUATION:    1. Define farm structures

  1. Discuss some examples of farm structures

CLASSWORK: As in evaluation

CONCLUSION: The teacher commends the students positively