Lesson Notes By Weeks and Term - Junior Secondary School 1

Browse through topics for Junior Secondary 1 1st, 2nd and 3rd Terms, All Weeks, All Subjects

Term: 1st Term

Week: 4

Class: Junior Secondary School 1

Age: 12 years

Duration: 40 minutes of 2 periods each


Subject:    Social Studies

Topic:-      Resources in our environment and their uses

SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES: At the end of the lesson, pupils should be able to

  1. Explain the meaning of “resources”
  2. Discuss the types of resources
  3. Outline the uses of the resources in our environment

INSTRUCTIONAL TECHNIQUES: Identification, explanation, questions and answers, demonstration, videos from source

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS: Videos, loud speaker, textbook, pictures








The teacher revises the previous lesson on physical environment

Students pay attention



She introduces the new topic by explaining the meaning of resources

Students pay attention and participates



She discusses the types of resources and their uses


Students pay attention and participate



The teacher writes a summarized note on the board

The students copy the note in their books




Resources are all human and material deposits in the environment useful

for producing goods and services for man.


  1. Natural resources: These refer to anything that exists naturally in the

physical environment that helps to satisfy human needs e.g land, water,

forest, fisheries, animals, minerals etc. Some types of natural resources


  1. agricultural resources- food crops and cash crops, wood from forest, and meat/fish/eggs from livestock
  2. Mineral resources-These refer to deposits of economic importance in or on the earth’s crust e.g coal, bitumen, iron ore, gold, crude oil, clay etc
  3. Water resources- These refer to water bodies that are found in different parts of Nigeria e.g oceans, river, lakes, streams, seas etc
  4. Human resources- These refer to human beings who control, organize and utilize all the resources found in the physical environment to satisfy human needs. Nigeria is blessed with abundant human resources both skilled and unskilled labour.
  5. Capital resources- These refer to assets that are used in the process of producing goods and services to satisfy human needs e.g equipments, inventory, labour, tools, machinery and buildings

Uses of Agricultural resources

  1. it provides food for man
  2. it provide raw materials for industries
  3. it provides income for the family and government through tax payment
  4. It provides employment opportunities for people who engage in it
  5. It helps to check and control erosion in the environment
  6. it provides foreign exchange for the country


Uses of Natural resources

  1. Coal- Used in making coal gas, tar etc
  2. Bitumen – Used in road construction and in covering roofs
  3. Cocoa- Used in making chocolate powder and drinks and can be taken as fruit
  4. Cotton- used in making thread, cloth etc
  5. clay- used in making bricks, earthen pots etc
  6. crude oil – used in making petroleum, gas, kerosene etc
  7. gold- used in making coins, ornaments, jewellery etc
  8. Iron ore-used in making steel
  9. Limestone- used in making cement
  10. Salt – used in preserving food, used in giving a better flavor and taste to food for eating etc
  11. Granite – Used in building houses
  12. Marble – used in building houses and in making statues
  13. Rubber- used in making tyres, rubber, gloves, boots, buckets etc
  14. Silica - Used in making glass, used in computer and electronic equipments

Uses of water resources

  1. It is used in producing hydropower for electricity
  2. It is used for agricultural purpose and the irrigation of farms
  3. It is used for commercial and industrial purposes
  4. It is used for domestic purposes in the homes, schools, offices etc
  5. It serves as resort centres which attracts tourists from far and from near
  6. It is used as a means of transportation in areas they exist
  7. It serves as home for aquatic animals such as fishes, crocodiles etc


Uses of human resources

  1. They are used for the coordination of production processes
  2. They are used for the extraction of mineral resources from the soil for

further uses

  1. They are used for the cultivation of the soil for farming and other

productive purposes

  1. They are used for operation of industrial machines for production


  1. They are used in putting the factors of production such as land, labour

and capital into proper use

  1. They are used for the achievement of nation’s desired economy
  2. They are the key to enduring quality and competitive advantage of a


Uses of capital resources

  1. it is used in the production process of goods and services
  2. They help to satisfy human needs


EVALUATION:   1. Explain the meaning of resources

  1. Discuss the types of resources and their uses

CLASSWORK: As in evaluation

CONCLUSION: The teacher commends the students positively