SUBJECT: ENGLISH LANGUAGE
TERM: 2nd Term
A clause is a group of words with finite verb. A clause should have a subject and a predicate.
e.g. Idowu bought a piece of land.
Predicate – bought a piece of land
Types of Clause
There are two types of clauses.
Independent clauses: These are also called main or principal clauses. An independent calsuse expresses a complete thought and can stand on its own as a sentence.
e.g. My English master is a kind man.
Dependent Clause: These are also called subordinate clauses. A dependent clause does not express a complete thought and cannot stand on its own as a sentence. It depends on an independent clause for its meaning E.g. which he recommended.
There are three types of subordinate clauses.
A noun clause is a subordinate clause that has a noun as the head word. A noun clause performs the functions of a noun. A noun clause is usuallyintroduced by ‘what’ and ‘that’, but ‘that’ is sometimes omitted before the noun clause. A noun clause answers the question ‘what or who?’
Examples of noun clauses
Functions of Noun Clause
Subject of a sentence
Object of a sentence
Complement of subject
Complement of object
An adjectival clause is a subordinate clause that performs the functions of an adjective. The following conjunctions are usually used to introduce adjectival clause; who, whom, whose, that, which, etc.
Examples of adjectival clauses
An adverbial clause is a subordinate clause that performs the functions of an adverb. Such as telling us how, when, where, why, to what extent, or under what conditions, the action of the verb is performed. In other words, the adverbial clause modifies the verb in the main clause.
Examples of adverbial clauses
Types of Adverbial Clauses
The different types of adverbial clause correspond with the nature of information which the clause gives about the verb in the main clause.
Evaluation: Exercise 1, Question a –e page 225, Countdown to English.
Topic: Speech Writing
Characteristic of a written speech
Sample Question: As the new senior prefect of your school, write a farewell speech meant to be delivered at the graduation ceremony of the outgoing SS 3 students.
A FAREWELL SPEECH BY JOHNSON OJO DURING THE GRADUATION CEREMONY OF THE SS 3 STUDENT IN THE SCHOOL HALL ON 30TH JULY, 2010.
The Honourable Commissioner of Education,
Our Dear Parents,
Worthy Graduating Students,
Paragraph 1 – Appreciate the privilege of being permitted to speak, explain the importance of the ceremony, state your purpose.
Paragraph 2 – Commend the graduating students for going through the rigours of years in SSS.
Paragraph 3 – Remind them of the lessons of hard work, determination, uprightness, etc
Paragraph 4 – Inform them of the world outside school and future hurdles like JAMB exams, Campus life, dangers of new found liberty.
Paragraph 5 – Counsel them on the need to choose the path of being academic, social and moral high achievers.
Paragraph 6 – Conclude by thanking the audience for listening, thank the parents for their faith and support, Wish the graduating students success in life and hope for a safe journey back home for everyone.
Evaluation: As the head boy or head girl of your school, write out your address to be presented to the guests of your school during the inter-house sports competition.
Topic: Comprehension: Drama
The passage is an extract from the play by Wole Soyinka titled. ‘The Lion and the Jewl’. In this extract, teacher Lakunle mets with Sidi on her way from the stream. She had a pot of water on her head and this led to the discussion between herself and Lakunle. The teacher strongly opposes the idea of a young girl carry a pot of water on her head and goes ahead to air his view to Sidi.
Evaluation: Questions, page 126.
Topic: Vocabulary: Latin Expression used in English.
Lating was the language of the ancient Romans. Nowadays, few people in Europe elsewhere learn Latin, but until the past 70 years or so, it was a language learn I virtually every educated person.
Here are some Latin expressions that are part of the English language
Evaluation: Practice 1 page 129
Reading Assignment: Direct and Indirect speeches
Weekend Assignment: Revision and test part 2, page 137, Effective English.
Exercise 1 Question 2, page 225, Count down to English.
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