SUBJECT: CHRISTIAN RELIGIOUS KNOWLEDGE
CLASS: SS 3
TERM: 1st TERM
TOPIC: THE TRIALS OF CHRIST
The Trials of Christ (Matt 26:57-68)
There were basically two separate trials of Jesus – The Jewish trial and the Roman trial. After Judas had betrayed Jesus Christ, he was arrested and taken to Caiaphas, the high priest where the members of Sanhedrin – The highest Jewish council- gathered. There Jesus was tried and found guilty of blasphemy for claiming to be the son of God. The punishment for this offence by Jewish law is the death penalty, but being a colony of the Roman Empire, they did not have power to pass the death sentence. They had to take Jesus to Pontius Pilate, the Roman representative he was tried the second time and found guilty, although he was innocent.
CHRIST BEFORE THE HIGH PRIEST
Jesus went with his disciples to a place called Gethsemanewhere he told his disciples to wait for him while he went up to pray. He took along Peter and the two sons of Zebedee. He began to be sorrowful and troubled. Going further, Jesus prayed, “My father, If it be possible, let this cup pass from me, nevertheless not as I will but as thou will” He came back to the disciples and found them sleeping, he reprimanded them for not watching and praying along with him. For the second time he prayed, repeating the same words. Again, he came back and still found them sleeping.
While Jesus was still speaking with his disciples, Judas one of his disciples came with a great crowd he kissed Jesus immediately Christ was arrested and taken away . Those who seized Jesus led him to Caiaphas, the high priest, where the scribes and the elders had gathered. Jesus was accused of blasphemy. He was asked to defend himself, but Jesus did not answer a word. Peter who was sitting outside the courtyard with a maid was challenged to be with Christ he denied not knowing him, shortly after saying that, the third time, the cock crow, Peter was ashamed and went out and wept bitterly.
CHRIST BEFORE THE ROMAN AUTHORITY Matt. 27:11-31
Instead of the former religious charge of blasphemy for which the highest Jewish court the Sanhedrin had condemned him they now brought three new political charges against him knowing fully that Pilate was more interested in political than religious charges. The new charge were as follow:
Pilate knowing that Jesus was accused out of envy, tries to set him free, Pilate’s wife told him not to have anything to do with the death of Christ having told him the dream she had Pilate washed his hands and have Barabbas released to them. Having flogged Jesus,they led him off to be crucified.
CHRIST BEFORE HEROD – Luke 23:6-12
The trial of Jesus before Herod was only recorded in the gospel according to Luke when Pilate learnt that the man was a Galilean which was within Herod’s Jurisdiction he sent him over to Herod who was himself in Jerusalem .When Herod saw Jesus, he was glad, for he had long desired to see him. He had heard about Jesus and he was anxious to see some signs performed by him.
Herod questioned Jesus at length but Jesus did not reply him, not minding that the chief priest and the Pharisees were accusing him vehemently. However, Herod and his soldiers treated Christ with contempt and mockery. The trial of Christ gave Herod and Pilate an opportunity to reconcile for they were enemies before that time .
SIGNIFICANCE OF THE TRIAL OF CHRIST
Comprehensive Christian Religious Knowledge for SS 1-3 By Martins I. Amaechi Page 161 -168
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