Vocabulary Development : Words associated with building
SUBJECT: ENGLISH LANGUAGE
TERM: 3RD TERM
A: Comprehension: Summarizing in a specified number of words
You have learnt in the eight week how to summarize in a specified number of sentences, now you, want to learn how to summarize in a specified number of words.
In this case your summary of the given passage must not exceed the specified number of words.
cream, lipstick, powder, eye pencil, hair cream, etc ll these are summarized into one word, ‘cosmetics’
Read the passage on pg 125 of your effective English and summarize into one hundred words
Faster Reading on page 168 of the Effective English
B: Vocabulary Development: Words Associated with Building
Building: A building has two main parts: the sub structure which is underground and the superstructure which is the part above the ground. The substructure is usually called the foundation
Concrete mixture of cement, sand, gravel and water that hardens as it dries. (it’s used for foundation)
Glazier : person whose work is to put glass in windows.
Gravel pebbles and pieces of rock coarser than sand.
Scaffold temporary elevated structure or platform for holding workmen and materials during the construction, repair of decoration of a building .
Mansory the skill of preparing and fixing stones in building .
Architect: A person who plans new buildings and sees that they are built properly.
Renovate: to put back into good condition
Furnish : to put furniture in a part of a building
Cistern A tank for storage of water, as part of the system which flushes body waste from the toilet
Plumber: A man whose job is to fit and repair water pipes, bathroom articles etc. Other related words. Building plan, interior decoration, hinges, bricklayer, valuer, rubbles, tiles, commercial building, residential building, lintels, contractor, lintels,.
With the aid of your dictionary, find out the meaning of the five words from the words listed above and use them in sentences.
Countdown in English By Evans pg 123.
C: Structure : Synonyms: Word Nearest in meaning
A synonym is a word which very nearly has the same meaning as some other words, and which can replace the word in a sentence, without changing the meaning in the sentences. It helps to avoid monotony in writing .
Note the following synonyms and the different shade of meanings:
Synonyms: odour, scent, smell, stench, aroma, fragrance.
Aroma: refers to a pungent, spicy odour e.g the aroma of peppers
Fragrance : Describes a smell that is sweet and agreeable e.g the fragrance of the rose flower odour and smell: refer to something that may be either pleasant or unpleasant e.g. the odour of ol leather, the smell of hydrogen sulphide.
Scent: is less strong than odour or smell as in the scent of lilac
Stench: is an offensive foul smell as the stench of burning rubber.
Confess admit, own
Abandon give up, relinquish
Dangerous risky, perilous
Surrender resign, yield
Expensive dear, costly
Disaster misfortune, calamity
Aloof shy, withdrawn
Dishonest unjust, deceptive
Compensate requite, atone
Dull gloomy cheerless
Reject expel, emit
Protagonist hero, star
Obliterate efface destroy
Generous liberal open-handed
Famous renowned eminent
Find the synonyms of the following words request, rule, acute, entire, enemy.
Synonyms pg 160 of Countdown English Language by Evans
Page 205 questions 2 and 3 of the Effective English
© Lesson Notes All Rights Reserved 2023