Lesson Notes By Weeks and Term - Primary 5

Attitude of victims of natural disasters

Week 8

Subject: Civic Education

Term: 1st Term

Class: Primary 5

Topic: Attitude of victims of natural disasters 

Behavioral objectives: At the end of the lessons, the pupils should be able to

  1. Meaning of Natural disasters
  2. Differences btw natural disasters and unnatural disasters

Instructional materials

Different kind of Charts and references materials 

Scheme of work 

And other relevant materials

6 years basic Education curriculum

Online information

Building background connection to prior knowledge: pupils are familiar with the topic in their previous classes



Natural disasters are caused by the forces of nature,while man-made disasters are caused by human beings or even animals,and are accidental.

Difference between natural disasters and unnatural disasters 

Man-made/Unnatural disasters include 

1. Fire accidents.

fig. 1

2. Transport accidents of various kinds (air, road, water, etc.)

3. Collapsed mines. Miners may get trapped underground, especially when there is an explosion when they are working, and may die there.

4. Chemical accidents. A chemical accident could occur if, for instance, gas pipes are not well laid. So the gas may leak and kill humans and animals that inhale the polluted air.

fig. 2

Natural disasters may be caused by the following:

  • An avalanche. This occurs when a large mass of snow, ice or rocks fall down the side of a mountain.

         fig. 3

  • Blizzards. These are produced by a period of very cold weather when there is snow.


  • Cyclones are caused by very strong winds that move very fast in a circle.

          fig. 5

  • Drought. This occurs when there is lack of rain for a long time in a place. As a result, there wouldn’t be enough water for plants and animals to live on.

          fig. 7

  • Earthquakes are caused by a sudden shaking of the earth. Houses collapse and kill or injure those around.

          fig. 8

  • Floods. A flood is a very large amount of water, which covers an area that is normally dry. Floods are usually caused by heavy rainfall. They can occur when a river overflows its banks, thereby spreading to dry areas.

           fig. 9

  • Hail. This occurs when rain falls in the form of hard balls of ice.

           fig. 10

  • Hurricane. This occurs when terrible storms produce strong, fast winds that move over water.

           fig. 12

  • Landslides. A landslide is the sudden fall of a lot of earth or rocks down a hill.

           fig. 13

  • Lighting. This is a powerful flash of light in the sky. It usually happens during storms, and is followed by thunder.

           fig. 14

  • Tornadoes. A tornado is a very violent storm, which is made up of air that spins very fast.

           fig. 14

  • Volcanic eruptions. These occur when a hot substance known as lava (or molten magma) suddenly erupts from the earth. Molten magma is extremely hot, dangerous, and moves with speed.

           fig. 15

  • Tsunamis. These are very terrible sea waves which cause terrible damage. They can be caused by earthquakes or volcanic eruptions that take place under the sea.

           fig. 16

  • Wild fires. They occur suddenly and spread very quickly. They happen in the forest, and can sometimes be caused by lightning

           fig. 17

Strategies and activities:

step1: Teacher revised previous lesson

Step 2: teacher introduces the new topic

Step 3: Teacher explains new topic

Step 4: Teacher welcomes pupils’ questions.

Step 5: Teacher evaluates the pupils

Assessment and evaluation

Teacher asks questions from pupils based on the topic 

 Wrap up and conclusions

Teacher goes over the topic for better understanding


  1. List any two natural disasters you know

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