SUBJECT: AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE
TERM: 1ST TERM
CLASS: PRIMARY 5
There are many classes of crops depending on their types and uses. These are cereals, legumes, tubers, vegetables, fruits, beverages, oils, drugs, spices, latex and sugar crops.
These are plants that are grown to produce grains used for food by man and animals. They are mostly in the form of grasses. Examples of cereals are maize, rice, millet, guinea corn, sorghum and wheat.
These are plants of the beans family. They produce pods that bear seeds in rows. The pods are split into two along their lengths when dry to bring out the seeds. Examples are cowpea, soya bean, green beans and pigeon pea.
Some are used for making animal feed.
Some are used for preparing babies’ food.
Some can be prepared into flour for baking bread.
Some can be ground and fried as balls, e.g. akara balls.
Legumes can be boiled, eaten alone or eaten with other food items.
Tubers are the roots of some crops, e.g. cassava, and the stems of other crops, e.g. yam. They grow inside the soil.
Some can be processed into starch for use in industries.
Cassava can be processed into garri for food.
Some can be fried as chips for food.
Some can be prepared into flour meal, e.g. amala (yam) and foofoo
Some can be pounded and eaten with soup.
Yam and cassava can be boiled or roasted for food.
Vegetables are mostly annual crops that we eat their leaves, fruits or roots as food. Examples are amaranthus, cabbage, tomato, okra, pepper, carrot and onion.
They can be eaten raw or used in making salad.
Their leaves and fruits are used for preparing soup.
They can be processed into fruit juices and drinks.
These are crops grown for the purpose of producing food drinks as their end product. Examples are tea, coffee and cocoa Examples are tea and coffee
Some beverage crops are used for making chocolate.
Beverage crops are used for preparing food drinks.
Examples are opium and coca leaves
Examples are pepper and ginger
These are crops grown for the purpose of producing fruits for man and animals. Examples of such fruit crops are citrus, mango, guava, pear, banana, plantain, pineapple and pawpaw.
WRAP UP (CONCLUSION): Teacher goes over the topic once again for better understanding.
Classify the crops in (3) above according to their lifespan Classify the crops in (3) above according to their uses.
Classify these crops according to their forms: maize, beans, water-leaf, soya beans, cassava, pepper and cocoa.
What are perennial crops? Give two examples.
Name three ways by which we can classify crops.
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