Lesson Notes By Weeks and Term - Primary 5


Week 5-6




Topic: Responsible parenthood�

Behavioral objectives: At the end of the lessons, the pupils should be able to

  • lists various characteristics of responsible parenthood.
  • mention some of the problems of irresponsible parenthood.
  • identify values that can be developed to avoid irresponsible parenthood. 4 explain the concepts of STDs and AIDS.
  • mention sources of HIV infection.
  • list the effects of STDs and HIV/AIDS on the family

Instructional materials

Different kind of Charts and references materials�

Scheme of work�

And other relevant materials

6 years basic Education curriculum

Online information

Building background connection to prior knowledge: pupils are familiar with the topic in their previous classes


Characteristics of responsible parenthood regarding marriage

After marriage, the husband and wife are expected to behave well, live responsibly and prepare to be good and responsible parents. Some of the characteristics of responsible parenthood include:

1. Preparing for a new baby: Procreation, or producing babies, is one of the characteristics of marriage. It is the duty of the married couple to prepare well and provide the necessary materials needed for a new baby. 2 Attending antenatal clinics regularly: Expectant mothers or pregnant women are expected to register in a clinic or hospital for regular checkup, in order to ensure that the mother and baby are healthy.

FIG. 1

2. Eating nourishing food: Expectant mothers are supposed to eat nourishing foods in order to ensure a healthy growth of the baby, and to nourish the mother, to make her healthy and strong till the day of delivery.

3. Ensuring immunizations: Immunization is the drug administered to people, in order to prevent sickness or illness. Parents should ensure that their babies are given complete immunization, in order to prevent such babies from contracting diseases like polio, meningitis, measles, smallpox, and yellow fever.

4. Breastfeeding: It is the responsibility of mothers to place their babies exclusively on breast milk, instead of using baby formula, which is not as good as breast milk.

FIG. 2

Problems of irresponsible parenthood (STDs and AIDS)

Meaning of STDs, HIV and AIDS

STDs are sexually transmitted diseases, which mean that they can be contracted through sexual intercourse.�

Examples of STDs are gonorrhea and syphilis. They may make it difficult for a woman to get pregnant in future. Another STD that is deadly is HIV/AIDS.�

HIV means Human Immunodeficiency Virus. This virus attacks the white blood cells, and causes Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS). The virus normally damages the system that fights diseases in the human body.

FIG. 3

Sources of HIV/AIDS infection

HIV/AIDS can be contracted through the following sources:�

  • Sexual intercourse.
  • Exchange of body-piercing objects, such as pins, needles, syringes, clippers, and razors.
  • Through the blood of an AIDS patient entering a cut or a wound of another person.
  • Blood transfusions, i.e. passing of blood from one person to another. If the blood is infected with AIDS virus, the person who receives it could contract AIDS.

We cannot contract AIDS from food, water, handshake, toilet, furniture or telephone. There is no cure yet for AIDS. The best way to prevent it is not to have sexual intercourse outside marriage. Antiviral drugs are also available to those who have AIDS, to help them reduce the effect of the disease.�

Effects of STDs, HIV and AIDS on the family

  • Marriage failure: A man or woman can contract HIV/AIDS through any of the sources mentioned earlier. If either of them happens to get the infection, it might eventually lead to marriage failure or divorce.
  • Reduction in family income: Another effect it would have on the family is the reduction in income, because a major part of the family income would be used to buy drugs and pay for treatments, in order to sustain the patient; and� since there is no cure for HIV/AIDS, the family would have to keep spending� money to keep the patent alive and healthy.
  • Stigma from members of the community: Even though it is bad to neglect or look down upon anyone who is ill, some people still do this to HIV/AIDS patients. That is what stigma means. Such behavior is very bad.

Responsible sexual behaviour

It is very important for the husband and wife to live responsibly, and remain faithful to each other. In order to ensure a happy, peaceful and harmonious married life, people should not engage in sex outside marriage.

Values relevant to responsible sexual behaviour

  • Faithfulness: The husband and wife should remain faithful to each other all their lives.
  • Discipline: The man and the woman should also be disciplined, and should not engage in extramarital affairs.
  • The fear of God: People should fear God, and always do the right things, as stipulated in the holy books.

Assessment and evaluation

Teacher asks questions from pupils based on the topic�

�Wrap up and conclusions

Teacher goes over the topic for better understanding.


  1. Define HIV

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