Lesson Notes By Weeks and Term - Primary 5

Government main services

Week 5

Subject: Civic Education

Term: 1st Term

Class: Primary 5

Topic: Government Main services�

Behavioral objectives: At the end of the lessons, the pupils should be able to

  1. Mention some social amenities/infrastructures.
  2. List some of the main services provided for the people.

Instructional materials

Different kind of Charts and references materials�

Scheme of work�

And other relevant materials

6 years basic Education curriculum

Online information

Building background connection to prior knowledge: pupils are familiar with the topic in their previous classes


Consequences of poor services

  1. Lack of trust. The citizens will be dissatisfied and will not trust the government any more.
  2. High costs of living. Private individuals would provide some of those services, and charge high rates on them. A good example is electricity. Many people now buy generators and petrol to provide electricity at home and in the factories.
  3. An ineffective work force. If teachers, for instance, are not paid, they will find it difficult to teach. Also, if the police are unpaid, they will not be willing to protect the people.
  4. Disorganization and confusion. People will be unruly if government services are poor. When the roads are bad, drivers may not obey traffic rules and regulations. If government hospitals do not work, people would be forced to patronize quacks, and may eventually lose their lives.
  5. When streetlights do not work, for instance, or when there is power outage, thieves could easily hide and operate at night in the affected areas.
  6. Anarchy and frustration. When people are frustrated because of poor services, they may go on strike or riot

Why government is unable to provide services

  1. Population increase. Many government facilities can no longer serve the people, because when such facilities were first provided, Nigerians were not as many as they are now. With the increase in population, such facilities are overstretched. So they can no longer meet the needs of the people. Such facilities include universities, hospitals, and electricity transformers.
  2. Insensitivity. Some government officials are very lazy and insensitive to the feelings of their fellow citizens. Many of them do not go to work every day. Some go to work very late and may not do any satisfactory work.
  3. Corruption. Some government officials are corrupt. Money meant for the provision of services is sometimes diverted to personal use. When such officials are caught, they should be tried in court and, if found guilty, sent to jail to serve as a deterrent to others.
  4. Inadequate planning. Some of our leaders have failed to take population increase into consideration. As a result, they make plans for only those that are available at planning time. This is inadequate planning. 5 Lack of maintenance culture. Some of the equipment with which government services are rendered are obsolete, because they were not maintained over the years, nor were they replaced with new ones when appropriate.

Strategies and activities:

step1: Teacher revised previous lesson

Step 2: teacher introduces the new topic

Step 3: Teacher explains new topic

Step 4: Teacher welcomes pupils questions.

Step 5: Teacher evaluates the pupils

Assessment and evaluation

Teacher asks questions from pupils based on the topic�

�Wrap up and conclusions

Teacher goes over the topic for better understanding.


  1. List any two consequences of poor services

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