Lesson Notes By Weeks and Term - Primary 5

Government main services

Week 4

Subject: Civic Education

Term: 1st Term

Class: Primary 5

Topic: Government Main services 

Behavioral objectives: At the end of the lessons, the pupils should be able to

  1. Mention some social amenities/infrastructures.
  2. List some of the main services provided for the people.

Instructional materials

Different kind of Charts and references materials 

Scheme of work 

And other relevant materials

6 years basic Education curriculum

Online information

Building background connection to prior knowledge: pupils are familiar with the topic in their previous classes



Services refer to those things which are officially provided by the government for everyone in a country. Government’s main services include these:

1. Maintenance of peace and security. The police force is the main agency of government which protects lives and property. The police maintain peace in society.

2. Maintenance of law and order. The government ensures that people obey the laws of the country, so that things can work in an orderly way. 3 Justice and equity. Government ensures that people get justice whenever they have a problem. It does this by establishing different courts, and employing lawyers and judges. When people have a problem with other people, they can go to court and get fair judgment.

3. Government defends the country against her enemies. The armed forces are directly in charge of defense. They protect Nigeria against aggression from other countries. The armed forces are made up of the army, the air force and the navy.

4. Education. Government ensures that there are good schools for children and even adults to attend. It makes sure that the teachers work in the schools, and that they get paid.

5. Health care. Government provides hospitals that are equipped with gadgets for health care. It also employs qualified health care providers such as doctors, nurses, pharmacists and laboratory scientists to look after the health of those who are sick.

6. Water. Government makes available potable water to prevent diseases. Pipe borne water is very important for use at home and in industries.

7. Electricity

8. Good roads 

9. Transportation

fig. 1

10. Communication

11. Streetlights

fig, 2

Quality of services provided by Government

  1. Accountability. People in government should realise that they are serving their country, and be ready to give the citizens an account of their services. 2 Transparency. The government should not be secretive in the way it operates, because the country belongs to all citizens. Nigerians should be made to know how money is being spent to make the services work.
  2. Time consciousness. Those who work in different agencies that provide the services should arrive their work places early and regularly.
  3. Dedication, faithfulness and integrity. Government officials should be dedicated to their work. They should be faithful and loyal to the government in the discharge of their responsibilities.

Types of services Provided by government

  1. Courts
  2. Electricity
  3. Education
  4. Emergency services
  5. Environmental protection
  6. Health care
  7. Military
  8. Public transportation

Strategies and activities:

step1: Teacher revised previous lesson

Step 2: teacher introduces the new topic

Step 3: Teacher explains new topic

Step 4: Teacher welcomes pupils questions.

Step 5: Teacher evaluates the pupils

Assessment and evaluation

Teacher asks questions from pupils based on the topic 

 Wrap up and conclusions

Teacher goes over the topic for better understanding.


  1. List any two services provided by government

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