Lesson Notes By Weeks and Term - Primary 5


WEEK 11&12





Behavioral objectives

At the end of this lesson, pupils should be able to:

  • define weaving;
  • mention types of weaving;
  • weave a mat with strips of paper using plain weave.




Reference Materials

Lagos state scheme of work,

Online information

Relevant materials

Pupils textbook

Behavioral Objectives: pupils are familiar with the topic in their previous classes.


Meaning of Weaving

Weaving is placing strips of materials or thread upon one another. It is the process of interlacing strips of materials or threads to form something.

Weaving can be defined as the arrangement of yarns in order to make fabric. The yarns are arranged to interlock into each other on the loom in order to create a design. A loom is a tool used to weave a fabric. It helps to hold the threads (warp and weft yarn) tightly together

Things formed by weaving are mats, clothes, hunter's pouches, baskets, raffia, objects, cane chairs, hairs, etc.

(b) Types of Weaving

Two types of weaving are:

(i) Horizontal Weaving

It is also called Sideward Weaving. Here, the fixed stripes or threads are placed sideward. The fixed stripes or threads are called 'warps', while those carried across are 'wefts' Horizontal weaving loom: The horizontal weaving loom is mainly used by men for traditional fabric weaving. It is mainly used in the traditional weaving town of Iseyin in Oyo State. In recent times, women have also started using the horizontal loom.

(ii) Vertical Weaving

It is also called upward weaving. In this, the fixed stripes or threads are placed upward to form patterns or designs. This is the type of weaving loom that is vertical and upright. Traditional weavers who are mainly women use this type of loom in Kwara, Kogi, Oyo, and some eastern states of Nigeria. It can be easily moved from one location to another

Types of weaving

  • Plain weave: This is the most common type of weaving. It is very simple in nature. It may have variations such as rib weave, matt weave and basket weave.
  • Twill weave: This mainly has diagonal designs formed by the yarn. It is more closely woven, and can be used to produce fancy designs.

FIG. 1

FIG. 2

Steps in weaving with paper

Step 1: Cut strips of cardboard with each strip measuring 2 cm by 30 cm. Use different colors of cardboard to enhance the beauty of the final weave.

Step 2: Lay one of the strips of paper horizontally. Beginning with the second strip, gum every other paper strip on it vertically, without leaving any space in-between them.

FIG. 3FIG. 4

FIG. 5

Step 3: Interlace the vertical strips of paper with the remaining strips of paper horizontally. Please ensure that they are neatly and closely knitted together.

Step 4: Tape all the edges of the weave together.


  • define weaving;
  • mention types of weaving;
  • weave a mat with strips of paper using plain weave

WRAP-UP (CONCLUSION): Teacher goes over the topic once again for better understanding.�


  1. What is weaving?
  2. Explain the two types of looms used for weaving.
  3. List and describe the types of weaving you know

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