SUBJECT: HOME ECONOMICS
CLASS: PRIMARY 4
TERM: 3RD TERM
TOPIC: SEWING BASIC STITCHES
SUBTOPIC: PROCESS OF BASIC STITCHES
LEARNING OBJECTIVES: AT THE END OF THE LESSON, PUPILS SHOULD BE ABLE TO:
Piece of fabrics for sewing stitches
Tailor chalk, Fabrics, Measuring tape etc
RESOURCES AND MATERIALS:
Scheme of work
All relevant materials
9-Years Basic Education Curriculum
BUILDING BACKGROUND/CONNECTION TO PRIOR KNOWLEDGE: Pupils are familiar with the topic in their previous classes.
CONTENT OF THE LESSON
PROCESS OF BASIC STITCHES
Use a thin needle and start the stitch with a knot. The stitches are of equal length about on both sides of the material. Much number of longer stitches can be done at a time. This is used for tacking seams & other details which must be held securely.
In this, the stitches on the upper side is or at least twice that on the underside. This stitch can be used for longer folds & seams. This is comparatively stronger than even tacking. Use this type of tacking as a guideline or where there is little or no strain.
While attaching two or more layer of fabrics this type of stitch is made about apart before making machine stitch.
Work stitches through the material at right angles to the fabric edge so that a diagonal or slanting stitch in made on the upper side and a vertical stitch is made on the under side.
Start tacking using double thread of contrasting color, so that they can be easily seen. Tack through double layer of fabric along the seam lines using even stitches of length apart, leave them as loop without pulling it tight. After completing, raise the upper layer of fabric slightly and clip the thread between the layers. So that the thread tufts, will remain on both the layers of fabric and remain as a guide line. This is especially used for marking details between patterns such as dart markings and pleat markings.
USES OF PERMANENT AND TEMPORARY STITCHES
STRATEGIES AND ACTIVITIES
STEP I; The Teacher revises the previous week lesson.
STEPII: The Teacher introduces the new topic.
STEP III: The Teacher explains the note in details.
STEPIV: The Teacher gives room for pupils to ask questions.
STEPV: The Teacher evaluates the pupils.
ASSESSMENT AND EVALUATION
Teacher goes over the topic once again to enhance better understanding.
1……………………….. holds fabrics permanently?
2.temporary stitches is used to make…………………………..on fabrics
(a)feather (b) gathers(c)land
© Lesson Notes All Rights Reserved 2023