SUBJECT: HOME ECONOMICS
CLASS: PRIMARY 4
TERM: 3RD TERM
TOPIC: SEWING BASIC STITCHES
SUBTOPIC: PERMANENT STITCHES
LEARNING OBJECTIVES: AT THE END OF THE LESSON, PUPILS SHOULD BE ABLE TO:
A Chart showing different stitches.
Piece of fabrics for sewing stitches
Tailor chalk, Fabrics, Measuring tape etc
RESOURCES AND MATERIALS:
Scheme of work
All relevant materials
9-Years Basic Education Curriculum
BUILDING BACKGROUND/CONNECTION TO PRIOR KNOWLEDGE: Pupils are familiar with the topic in their previous classes.
CONTENT OF THE LESSON
These stitches are made permanent on the fabric and need not be removed later like Temporary stitches. The stitching works from left to right ‘taking a small stitch; then insert the needle at the end of the previous stitch; bringing it out beyond where the thread emerges. Continue always at the end of the previous stitch.
Some of permanent stitches are 1. Running stitch 2.Back stitch 3. Run and back stitch 4. Hemming stitch 5. Whipping stitch.
a. Stitches straightly formed
b. Puckered hem
c. Stitches not evenly spaced
d. Knot prominently shown on right side
e. Attached thread shown on right side
This stitch is used for finishing sleeve edges, handkerchief, skirt, hemline, neckline edges, piping, pillow covers and other edges also.
This stitch is used to finish raw edges of fabrics and also in sleeves, collar of kid's wear. The other name for this stitch is overcasing and rolled hem. Whipping produces slanting stitches taking stitches over the rolled fabric edge with needle in a straight position.
Do stitching from right hand side of the fabric till the left end. After completing, start from the left end, inserting the needle on the same point where the stitch is already formed. Continue the same way from the left to right end. The finished fabric gives continuous 'X' shape stitches. On both the sides stitches appear similar in shape.
STRATEGIES AND ACTIVITIES
STEP I: The Teacher revises the previous week lesson.
STEPII: The Teacher introduces the new topic.
STEP III: The Teacher explains the note in details.
STEPIV: The Teacher gives room for pupils to ask questions.
STEPV: The Teacher evaluates the pupils.
ASSESSMENT AND EVALUATION
Teacher goes over the topic once again to enhance better understanding.
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