SUBJECT: CIVIC EDUCATION
TERM: 3RD TERM
CLASS: PRIMARY 4
Topic: Traffic Regulations
Subtopic: Traffic Rules and Regulation
Learning Objectives: At the end of the lesson, pupils should be able to:
Resources & materials: Basic Civic Education Teacher’s Guide 4 For Primary Schools. By BJ Obebe, F.J Muazu, H O C Ambassador Brikins, S.O Koledoe.
Building Background/ connection to prior knowledge: Pupils are familiar with the topic in their previous classes.
Traffic regulations and the need for them
Traffic regulations are rules and regulations made for the control of movement of goods, people and vehicles on our roads. Traffic regulations are also called the Highway Code.
Traffic regulation can be defined as the rules and regulations that guide the behaviours or actions of road users. This is in place in order to prevent accidents and enhance the free flow of traffic
Some Traffic Rules and Regulations
Road signs are symbols which help road users gain full information about road the in other to avoid accidents. These signs are grouped into: 1.) Regulatory signs; and 2.) Informative signs
(a) Mandatory regulatory signs: Mandatory regulatory signs appear with blue circles but without red border such as diversion signs , roundabout sign etc.
(b) Prohibitive Regulatory signs: They are signs with red and yellow circles. They are Stop sign, No light sign etc.The colour red for regulatory signs as a background colour is used to denote restriction.
The following examples are signs you might find on the roads while you drive:
To give you very specific instructions
A round red sign with a white bar across it means no entry
To tell you to drive in a certain way
A blue sign with a taxi on it means that only taxis may use that lane or area
To prohibit you from driving in a certain way
A round prohibition sign with a red line through an arrow pointing right means that there is no right turn allowed
To inform you that a particular lane or area may only be used by a certain type of vehicle
A vertical rectangular sign with a bus on it means only buses may use that lane or area
Warning: road layout
To warn you of changes in the layout of the road
A triangular warning sign with a “T” on it is informing you that there is a T-junction up ahead
Warning: direction of movement
To warn you to anticipate something up ahead
A triangular sign with a bicycle on it is telling you to anticipate cyclists
To let you know where you are
A white sign with a name and the highway symbol lets you know what highway you are travelling on
Guidance: route markers
To give you information about the route you are travelling on
A green sign with the names of nearby towns and numbers lets you know how far you are away from these places in kilometres
To inform you of nearby attractions and places of interest
A brown sign with the head of a kudu on it is used to indicate that you are approaching one of South Africa’s national parks
To warn you that you are temporarily prohibited from driving in a certain way
A yellow sign with the number “100” in it and a red circle around the edge means that a speed limit of 100km/h has been temporarily introduced and may not be exceeded
To give instructions when a portion of road is under construction or if there is an accident scene
A yellow sign with a man digging means that you should expect construction work up ahead
The importance of road traffic signs
The teacher should draw the following road signs on cardboard sheets to show the children, and explain the importance of each of the signs to the
Traffic signals help in controlling pedestrian and vehicle traffic by means of assigning the priorities to some traffic movements to stimulate the flow of traffic. A properly designed, maintained, and located traffic signals may have one or more of the following advantages:
STRATEGIES AND ACTIVITIES
The Teacher revises the previous week lesson.
The Teacher introduces the new topic.
The Teacher explains the note in details.
The Teacher gives room for pupils to ask questions.
The Teacher evaluates the pupils.
ASSESSMENT AND EVALUATION
1 .State the meaning of technology.
2. List the importance of technology.
3. State the product of technology.
Teacher goes over the topic once again to enhance better understanding.
List 5 importance of traffic signs
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