Class:- Basic 4
Subject:- Agricultural Science
Term: 3rd Term
Week:- 1 and 2
Topic:� Methods Of Farm Produce Preservation
Behavioral objective:- At the end of the lesson the pupils should be able to:-
1.State the methods of preserving foods on the farm
Instructional material/Reference material:- Learn Africa Basic Agricultural Science UBE edition for priimary school book 4
Building Background /connection to prior knowledge : Students are familiar with the various examples of farm produce such as maize, tomatoes etc and their tendency to get spoilt quickly.
METHOD OF FARM PRODUCE PRESERVATION
The proper keeping of food until they are needed is called food preservation. Some crop Plants will need to store until the next planting season. To make sure that they are good for planting (viable), they must be properly preserved.
�IMPORTANCE OF FARM PRODUCE PRESERVATION
METHODS OF FARM PRODUCE PRESERVATION�
The different methods of farm produce preservation are:
Peeled cassava, peeled yam, maize, beans can be preserved by spreading them under the sun. Drying reduce the water content of the food stuff.
Fish and meat can be smoked with coal fire. Smoking dries the meat and fish. These meat and fish can be kept for a long time without getting spoilt.�
Adding salt to some food stuffs like meat and fish can preserve them for a short period of time. The salt keeps out germs away from the from the food stuff.
Meat, fish, chicken, plantain, yam and potato can be preserved by frying. Frying removes water from the food items so that it can be kept for a long [period of time.
This is a modern way of preserving food. Food items like eggs, fruits and vegetables can be preserved in the fridge. For longer preservation, meat, fish should be stored in the freezer.
In factories food are processed and canned so that they can be stored for a long time. Such foods include fruits, pepper, tomato, sardine, corned beef and soup. the can is sealed after adding some chemicals called preservatives.
Foodstuffs can be preserved in a bag so that they can be stored for a long time e.g. rice.
Fruit juice can be put in sealed bottles for preservation purposes.
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