Lesson Notes By Weeks and Term - Primary 4

A) problem facing the state government B) State motto and their meaning e.g. (Lagos center of Excellence)

Week: 11th

Subject: Civic Education

Class: primary 4

Term: 1st Term

Topic: A) problem facing the state government; B) State motto and their meaning e.g. (Lagos center of Excellence)

Behavioural objectives: At the end of the lesson; pupils should be able to:

  1. State the problems facing the state government.
  2. Mention state motto and their meaning.

Instructional material/Reference material: Textbook, charts and pictures

Building Background /connection to prior knowledge: Pupils are familiar with the topic



Problems of state governments in Nigeria.

Some of the problems facing state governments in Nigeria are as follows:

  1. Corruption: Many officials of state governments in Nigeria are corrupt. They spend government money as if it belongs to them.
  2. Finance: Many of the states depend solely on monthly allocations from the federal government. They cannot generate enough money within the state to execute projects.
  3. Ethnic/religious differences: Some states still experience communal clashes because of differences in the religious and ethnic beliefs of the people. This does not promote unity and development.
  4. Lack of social development: Many states do not have adequate social amenities like water, electricity, roads and schools; and they lack adequate funds to provide these.
  5. Conflict/disagreement: Many states clash with the federal government, especially states whose ruling political parties are different from that of the government at the federal level. These conflicts delay progress in the states that are affected. The federal government may delay the release of benefits to such states.

State mottos

A motto is a short sentence or statement which shows the aims, belief, of pattern of behaviour of a person or group. The motto of Lagos State, for example, is ‘Centre of Excellence.’

The mottos of the 36 states of Nigeria

  1. Abia State - God’s Own State
  2. Adamawa State - Highest Peak of the Nation
  3. Akwa Ibom State - Promised Land
  4. Anambra State - Home for All
  5. Bauchi State - Pearl of Tourism
  6. Bayelsa State - Glory of All Lands
  7. Benue State - Food Basket of the Nation
  8. Borno State - Home of Peace
  9. Cross River State - The People’s Paradise
  10. Delta State - The Big Heart
  11. Ebonyi State - Salt of the Nation
  12. Edo State - The Heartbeat of Nigeria
  13. Ekiti State - The Fountain of Knowledge
  14. Enugu State - Coal City State
  15. Gombe State - Jewel of Savannah
  16. Imo State - Land of Hope
  17. Jigawa State - The New World
  18. Kaduna State - Liberal State
  19. Kano State - Centre of Commerce
  20. Katsina State - Home of Hospitality
  21. Kebbi State - Land of Equity
  22. Kogi State - Confluence State
  23. Kwara State - State of Harmony
  24. Lagos State - Centre of Excellence
  25. Nassarawa State - Home of Solid Mineral
  26. Niger State - Power State
  27. Ogun State - Gateway State
  28. Ondo State - Sunshine State
  29. Osun State - State of the Living Spring
  1. Oyo State - Pacesetter
  2. Plateau State - Home of Peace and Tourism
  3. Rivers State - Treasure Base of the Nation
  4. Sokoto State - Seat of the Caliphate
  5. Taraba State - Nature’s Gift to the Nation
  6. Yobe State - The Young Shall Grow
  7. Zamfara State - Home of Agricultural Products

Federal Capital Territory (Abuja) - Centre of Unity



  1. State the meaning of state government.
  2. What is the composition of a state government?
  3. Mention the three tiers of government.
  4. Explain the roles of the state government to the people.
  5. Mention two problems of state governments.
  6. Explain the meaning of state motto.
  7. What is the motto of your state?

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