Subject: Physical and Health Education
Class: Primary 3
Term: 3rd Term
Topic: System of the body and its functions
SUBTOPIC:�� Skeletal system
Learning Objectives:At the end of this this lesson,pupils should be able to:
Resources and materials:�
Scheme of work
Building Background/connection to prior knowledge: pupils are familiar with the topic in their previous classes.
THE SKELETAL SYSTEM
The skeleton is the body part that forms the supporting structure of an organism. It can also be seen as the bony frame work of the body which provides support, shape and protection to the soft tissues and delicate organs in animals.
FUNCTIONS OF THE SKELETAL SYSTEM
skeletal system has several additional functions, including:
1. Protecting internal organs from injury. For example, the skull protects the brain, while the thoracic cage protects the heart and lungs.
2. Allowing for movement. Muscles attach to bones through tendons. This connection allows the body to move in many different ways.
3. Producing blood cells. The soft bone marrow inside of many bones produces red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets.
4. Storing minerals and nutrients. Bones can store and release minerals, including calcium and phosphorus, which are important for many bodily functions. Additionally, adipose (fat) tissue that can be used as energy can be found in part of the bone marrow.
DIAGRAM OF THE SKELETAL SYSTEM
Step :Teacher revises the previous topic.
Step 2:Teacher introduces the new topic.
Step3:Teacher explains the new topic.
Step4: Teacher welcomes pupils questions.
Step5: Teacher evaluates the pupils.
Assessment & Evaluation:
WRAP UP(CONCLUSION) Teacher goes over the topic once again for better understanding.
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