Lesson Notes By Weeks and Term - Primary 3



Subject: Social Studies

Class: Primary 3

Term: 1st Term

Topic: Marriage

Subtitle: Forms Marriage

Learning Objectives: At the end of this this lesson, pupils should be able to:

  1. Explain marriage custom
  2. Mention two marriage customs
  3. Explain similarities in marriage custom
  4. Differentiate the differences in marriage custom

Resources and materials:

Scheme of work

Online information

Instructional material: picture chart

Building Background/connection to prior knowledge: pupils are familiar with the topic in their previous classes.



Form of marriage

This is different from types of marriage and it is also known as marriage customs.For marriage to be accepted as legal or lawful in Nigeria, it mustbe done in a proper way. The various,proper forms of marriage inNigeria are:

  1. Traditional or customary marriage.
  2. Christian marriage.
  3. Islamic marriage.
  4. Court marriage or marriage by ordinances or marriage under the act.

Traditional marriage

This is done according to the laws and customs of a particular people. It is also called customary marriage. Every community has its own method of carrying out traditional marriage. This type of marriage allows a man to marry many wives. When a man marries many wives, it is called polygamous marriage. Traditional marriage can take place anywhere in the community. It is usually hosted by the family of the bride that is the wife. It may take place in the house of the bride’s parents, the extended family’s compound or elsewhere.

The groom gets to pay bride price or bride wealth which is the money paid to the woman’s parents by the man’s parents.

Christian marriage

Christian marriage is the type of marriage that is performed by a pastor or a priest in the church. The bride’s and groom’s relatives are always present during the occasion. Many other relations, friends and church members also attend. Christian marriage involves one man, one wife. This is a monogamous marriage.

Once the bride and the groom are pronounced husband and wife, the wedding is done and they can begin to live together. Christian marriage does not allow divorce. Divorce is when a man and woman decide to end their marriage and separate, to live apart. 

Islamic marriage

This is performed in the mosque by the Imam. Islamic marriage allows a man to marry as many as four wives, if he can take care of them. It is a polygamous type of marriage. An Islamic service called Nikkaiis performed by a Muslim leader at the bride parents’ house or in the mosque.

Court marriage or marriage by ordinance

Court marriage can also be called marriage by ordinance or marriage under the marriage act. It takes place in the registry and not in a court of law. It is usually performed by the court registrar or local government official. It allows a man to marry only one wife. A man and a woman who marries another person when the existing marriage has not been dissolved (ended by law) have committed an offence called bigamy.


Strategies& Activities:

Step: Teacher revises the previous topic.

Step2: Teacher introduces the new topic.

Step3: Teacher explains the new topic.

Step4: Teacher welcomes pupils’ questions.

Step5: Teacher evaluates the pupils.

Assessment & Evaluation:

  1. List three marriage forms
  2. What is bride pride?
  3. Explain court marriage

WRAP UP (CONCLUSION) Teacher goes over the topic once again for better understanding.


  1. Who pays bride price and to who?
  2. Court marriage is also called ……………………
  3. What is divorce?

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