Lesson Notes By Weeks and Term - Primary 3



Subject: Social Studies

Class: Primary 3

Term: 1st Term

Topic: Marriage

Subtitle: Marriage practices in Nigeria

Learning Objectives: At the end of this this lesson, pupils should be able to:

  1. Explain how marriage is contracted
  2. State four objects used in marriage ceremony
  3. Explain marriage practices

Resources and materials:

Scheme of work

Online information

Instructional material: picture charts

Building Background/connection to prior knowledge: pupils are familiar with the topic in their previous classes.



Marriage practices are different among ethnic group, but for a couple to get married;

  1. two individuals must agree together to marry each other.
  2. Then, they must involve their families. This means that the two families must agree to the proposed marriage.
  3. the family and the couple will set a date for the marriage ceremony
  4. the man to marry will pay bride price, which is in form of money to the bride family

Objects used in contracting marriage

Different forms or customs of marriage use different objects. The objects used according to each custom are as follow:

  1. Traditional marriage

The objects used are according to each ethnic group.

a. Yoruba: the yoruba communities use the following objects; Yams, Bitter kola, Palm wine, kolanuts, salt, money, alligator pepper, sugarcane, schnapps, honey and soft drinks.

f1    f2

Yams            Kolanuts                                                  

f3        f4

Schnapps     Money

b. Igbo: Garden egg, money, groundnut, schnapps, cloths, palm wine, yams and kolanuts

f5      f6

Cloths         Palm wine

c. Hausa/Fulani: Hausa/Fulani traditional marriage is based mostly on Islamic doctrine, starting from the introduction to the wedding ceremony, but not all Hausa/Fulani are muslims. Some of the items used are: kolanuts, cloths, jewellery, salt, shoes, money.




  1. Christian or church marriage: Holy Bible, Rings, Suit for the groom, gown for the bride.
  2. Islamic marriage: Qur’an, praying mat, and kettle.
  3. Court marriage/marriage by ordinance: This does not require any special item. However, holy books may be used for the oath of marriage according to the couple’s religion. The Christians may use the Holy Bible while the Muslims use the Holy Qur’an.Also some forms are filled and a certificate is given to the couple.


Strategies& Activities:

Step1: Teacher revises the previous topic.

Step2: Teacher introduces the new topic.

Step3: Teacher explains the new topic.

Step4: Teacher welcomes pupils’ questions.

Step5: Teacher evaluates the pupils.

Assessment & Evaluation:

  1. Mention three objects used in marriage by the igbo community
  • Mention one object used for court marriage

WRAP UP (CONCLUSION) Teacher goes over the topic once again for better understanding.


  1. Write two objects used in Islamic marriage
  2. State two marriage practice in Nigeria

© Lesson Notes All Rights Reserved 2023