Lesson Notes By Weeks and Term - Primary 3



Subject: Physical and Health Education

Class: Primary 3

Term: 1st Term

Topic: Safety

Subtitle: Safety in physical education

Learning Objectives: At the end of this this lesson, pupils should be able to:

  1. Identify causes of danger in physical education
  2. List safety measures in physical education
  3. State basic rules in physical education
  4. State three importance of safety rules

Resources and materials:

Scheme of work

Online information

Instructional material: picture chart

Building Background/connection to prior knowledge: pupils are familiar with the topic in their previous classes.



Safety in physical education can be defined as being free, or protected from physical harm while carrying out physical activities.

Causes of danger in physical education

  1. Lack of discipline and order
  2. Unhealthy life style
  3. Inadequate prepared sport facility
  4. Slippery and wet surface
  5. Bad state of track
  6. Bad shoes and clothes
  7. Uncertified sport equipment

Safety measures in physical education: is ways to start safe while carrying out sport activities.

  1. Wear comfortable clothing and well-padded shoes that can protect the heels and arches of the feet;
  2. Put on appropriate gear for the activity, such as helmets and protective pads for cycling;
  3. Always warm up before doing exercise and cool down afterwards to lower the risk of strains and sprains;
  4. Take appropriate breaks during sporting activities;
  5. Do not exercise with an empty stomach. Eat something light (such as bread or milk) to give you some stamina. Do not exercise immediately after a full meal because this will affect digestion;
  6. Drink water or juice before, during and after physical activity;
  7. Beware of the weather and environmental conditions. Avoid doing outdoor stressful exercises in hot or humid weather;
  8. Listen to the body. Do not exercise when unwell(sick). If there is dizziness, shortness of breath, chest pain, nausea or vomiting, or muscle and joint pain during exercise, stop the activity and seek medical advice as soon as possible.

Basic rules in physical education

  1. Listen and follow directions- do what you are expected to do when you are expected to do it.
  2. Stay on task- whether you are waiting for your turn in line or performing each skill.
  3. Respect those around you- your teacher and fellow students.
  4. Participate to the best of your ability- 100% effort, 100% of the time.

Importance of safety rules

  1. To avoid accidents.
  2. Create uniformity or oneness
  3. Builds self confidence
  4. To create discipline
  5. To promote harmony among sport members
  6. To ensure everyone works for a common goal


Strategies & Activities:

Step1: Teacher revises the previous topic.

Step2: Teacher introduces the new topic.

Step3: Teacher explains the new topic.

Step4: Teacher welcomes pupils’ questions.

Step5: Teacher evaluates the pupils.

Assessment & Evaluation:

  1. What is safety in physical education
  2. List four causes of danger in physical education
  3. State two basic rules in physical education

WRAP UP(CONCLUSION) Teacher goes over the topic once again for better understanding.


  1. State four importance of safety rules
  2. Write three safety measures in physical education

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