Lesson Notes By Weeks and Term - Primary 3



Subject: Basic Science

Class: Primary 3

Term: 1st Term

Topic: Soil

Subtitle: Important of soil to plants

Learning Objectives:At the end of this this lesson,pupils should be able to:

  1. Define soil
  2. State the types of soil
  3. State importance of soil to plants

Resources and materials:

Scheme of work

Online information

Instructional material: picture chat, life plant planted in a pot

Building Background/connection to prior knowledge: pupils are familiar with the topic in their previous classes.



Soil is the upper most layer of the earth crust on which plants grow. Soil consists of a solid matter of minerals and organic matter, as well as a pore space that holds gases and water. Soils consists of three-state system of solids, liquids, and gases.

Soil is alsothe mixture of organic matter, minerals, gases, liquids, and organisms that together support life.

Types of soil

There are basically three types of soil:

f1    f2

1. Loamy soil   2. Sandy soil


3. Clay soil

Importance of soil to plants

  1. Soil is the foundation of all life on earth without it, we couldn’t grow food we need to live.
  2. Soils protect plants from erosion and other destructive physical, biological and chemical activity.
  3. Soil provides minerals and other nutrients for plants growth.
  4. Soil stores water for plant use.

Strategies& Activities:

Step1:Teacher revises the previous topic.

Step2:Teacher introduces the new topic.

Step3:Teacher explains the new topic.

Step4: Teacher welcomes pupils’ questions.

Step5: Teacher evaluates the pupils.

Assessment & Evaluation:1.   Define soil

  1. State two uses of soil to plants.

WRAP UP(CONCLUSION) Teacher goes over the topic once again for better understanding.


  1. State two types of soil.
  2. State three uses of soil to plant

Define a soil.

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