Lesson Notes By Weeks and Term - Primary 3

Democratic practices


Subject: Civic Education

Class: Primary 3

Term: 1st Term

Topic: Democratic practices

Subtitle: Democracy

Learning Objectives: At the end of this lesson, pupils should be able to:

  1. Define democracy
  2. List five current political parties
  3. State three roles of a political party

Resources and materials:

Scheme of work

Online information

Instructional material: charts

Building Background/connection to prior knowledge: pupils are familiar with the topic in their previous class.



Definition of democracy

Democracy is defined as the government of the people, for the people and by the people. In democracy supreme power is vested in the people and exercise directed by them or their elected agent, example Governors, president and Local Government Chairman under free and fair election.

Current political parties in Nigeria:

  1. APC – All Progressive Congress
  2. PDP – People Democratic Party
  3. APGA – All Progressive Grand Alliance
  4. NPC – Nigerian People’s Congress
  5. NUP – National Unity Party
  6. LP – Labor Party
  7. ACPN – Allied Congress Party of Nigeria
  8. ID – Independent Democrat
  9. PPP – People’s Progressive Party
  10. PPN – People Party of Nigeria

Roles of political parties

  1. Recruiting and training candidates for public office.
  2. Channeling public opinions from citizens to government.
  3. Mobilizing citizens to participate in political decisions.
  4. Socializing and educating voters and citizens on electoral system and general political values.
  5. Monitoring opposing party in power. 

Assessment & Evaluation:

  1. Meaning of democracy
  2. Mention the name of the political party in power in Nigeria

WRAP UP(CONCLUSION) Teacher goes over the topic once again for better understanding.


  1. List five political parties in Nigeria
  2. Write two roles of political parties in Nigeria

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