Lesson Notes By Weeks and Term - Primary 3

Phonics 1


Subject: English Language

Class: Primary 3

Term: 1st Term

Topic: Phonics I

Subtitle: Vowels and diphthongs

Learning Objectives: At the end of this this lesson, pupils should be able to:

  1. Produce vowel sounds and diphthongs
  2. Write out words containing vowels and diphthongs
  3. Differentiate between vowels and diphthongs by producing them correctly

Resources and materials:

Scheme of work

Online information

Instructional material: picture chart and flash cards

Building Background/connection to prior knowledge: pupils are familiar with the topic in their previous classes.



Vowels and diphthongs

Vowels are sound that are not pronounced by the touch of two organs of vocal tract, rather it is just an air-stream. There are three types of vowels;

  1. Short vowels: are one phoneme vowels because their sound is not prolonged and do not have diacritic(:).
  2. Long vowels: they have diacritic(:) which is a colon like two dots symbol examples/i:/, /a:/, it’s prolongs the sound of the vowel.
  3. Diphthongs: are addition of two vowel sound together and the voice moves from one to another, examples, /ai/and /ei/.

Short vowels

  1. Got
  2. Sit
  3. Cap
  4. Put
  5. Ten

long vowels

  1. See
  2. Bird
  3. Saw
  4. Too
  5. Father


/ai/                           /ei/                         

  1. Kite                 cake
  2. Sky                 wake
  3. Ride                name
  4. Nine                steak
  5. My                   skate
  6. Fly                   take
  7. By                    break
  8. Mice                 maid
  9. Lice                  sake
  10. Time                 paint
  11. Twice                great
  12. Why                  rain
  13. Eye                   eight
  14. Buy                   rake


Strategies& Activities:

Step1: Teacher revises the previous topic.

Step2: Teacher introduces the new topic.

Step3: Teacher explains the new topic.

Step4: Teacher welcomes pupils’ questions.

Step5: Teacher evaluates the pupils.

Assessment & Evaluation:

  1. Underline the diphthong, that is /ai/ and /ei/

File, fail, light, late, tile, tail, bike, bake, pay and pile.

  1. Write five words with long vowels.

WRAP UP(CONCLUSION) Teacher goes over the topic once again for better understanding.


Write 10 words with diphthongs.

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