Lesson Notes By Weeks and Term - Primary 3

Phonemic awareness


Subject: English Language

Class: Primary 3

Term: 1st Term

Topic: Phonemic Awareness

Subtitle: Phonemic

Learning Objectives: At the end of this this lesson, pupils should be able to:

  1. Pronounce words correctly using their sound
  2. Differentiate between sounds in words and correct intonation

Resources and materials:

Scheme of work

Online information

Instructional material: picture chart and flash card

Building Background/connection to prior knowledge: pupils are familiar with numbers in hundred, tens and units from their previous classes.



Phoneme is an individual unit of sound in a given word or it is the smallest unit of sound in a word that makes a difference in its pronunciation, as well as its meaning, from another word. Example the /s/ in soar differentiate it from /r/ in roar, as it becomes different from soar in pronunciation as well as meaning, other examples are;

  1. born /o/ and burn/u/,
  2. firm/o/ and form/o/,
  3. cot/o/and court/ur/
  4. spot/o/ and sport/or/.
  5. When/w/ and then/t/
  6. Thin/t/ and chin/c/
  7. Pin /i/ and pen/e/


Strategies& Activities:

Step1: Teacher revises the previous topic.

Step2: Teacher introduces the new topic.

Step3: Teacher explains the new topic.

Step4: Teacher welcomes pupils’ questions.

Step5: Teacher evaluates the pupils.

Assessment & Evaluation: underline and write the difference

  1. Seem/seen
  2. Pool/pull
  3. Come/cone
  4. Knew/know

WRAP UP(CONCLUSION) Teacher goes over the topic once again for better understanding.


  1. write five (5) pairs of phonemes
  2. underline and write the difference
  3. perch/porch
  4. then/than
  5. bad/had
  6. by/my

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