Lesson Notes By Weeks and Term - Primary 2


Week: Nine

Class: Basic Two

Term: 3rd Term

Subject: Basic science

Topic: Soil

Previous knowledge: Pupils are familiar with soil

Behavioural objectives: At the end of the lesson, pupils should be able to ;

  1. State the importance of soil

2.List the types of soil in existence

3.Describe the types of soil we have

Instructional� material: Charts or pictures of soil, fresh sample of soil collected in beakers, textbook and workbook.

Reference material: Longman Basic Scienceand Technology for Primary Schools UBE edition by P. Asun



Soil is the top most layer of the earth where plant grow and animal walk

Do you know th�t soil is very import�nt to us? For ex�mple,we pl�nt seeds in the soil in our f�rms �nd our school g�rdens. We �lso use soil for m�king bricks �nd pots.

Types of soil

There are three different types of soil, namely:-

  1. Loamy soil or loam
  2. Clayey soil or clay
  3. Sandy soil or sand
  • Sandy soil or sand:- It has brown or black colour and it is Very smooth �nd sticky. Soil p�rticles c�nnot be seen in it.It allows w�ter to p�ss very quickly
  • Loamy soil or loam:- It has brown colour and it is fairly smooth. Soil p�rticles c�n be seen in it but not e�sily.It �llows w�ter to p�ssbut not quickly
  • Clayey soil or clay:- It has yellow colour and it is very smooth �nd sticky. Soil p�rticles c�nnot be seen in it. It h�rdly �llows w�ter to p�ss.


Step I: Teacher revises the previous topic

Step II: Teacher inroduces the new topic "Soil"

Step III: Teacher states the types of soil

Stel IV: Teacher explains the features of each type of soil

Step V: Teacher writes on the board and the pupils copy the note


Answer these questions

  1. How m�ny soil types do we h�ve?
  2. N�me them.

Conclusion: Teacher summarises the lesson and gives an assignment.


Answer these Answer these questions

  1. In wh�t type of soil would you pl�nt your m�ize? _________________
  2. Wh�t type of soil will you find �t the beach or se�shore?___________

3. Wh�t type of soil will be good for m�king a pot? _________________

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