Lesson Notes By Weeks and Term - Primary 2


Week: Two

Class: Basic Two

Term: 3rd Term

Subject: Basic science

Topic: Plants


Duration: 40 minutes

Previous knowledge: Students are familiar with plants

Behavioural objectives: At the end of the lesson, pupils should be able to ;

  1. List some common plant in their environment
  2. Identify the plants listed above
  3. Draw a plant and label it

Instructional� material: Specimen of local plant, Drawing book, Plastering, Clay etc.

Reference material: Longman Basic Scienceand Technology for Primary Schools UBE edition by P. Asun



Plants are living things that can be found in our environment. Plants can manufacture their food by themselves making use of water and energy from sunlight through a process called photo they thesis. Plants take in carbon dioxide produced by animal and give off oxygen that is needed by man for survival

Parts of a plant

The main parts of a plant include the following:-

  1. Leaves
  2. Stem
  3. Root and
  4. Flower

Functions of the main part of a plant

  1. Leaves: This is the part of the plant that traps energy from sunlight through which the plant produces its food.
  2. Stem: This is the part of the plant holds the branches, flowers, fruits and leaves in place
  3. Root: This is the underground part of a plant, that holds the plant upright. The root draws nutrient and water from the soil to nourish the plant .
  4. Flowers: This is the part that is involved in pollination which leads to the production of seed and fruit

Examples of common plant in our environment includes c�ss�v� pl�nt, green gr�ss, hibiscus pl�nt, m�ize pl�nt, palm tree and� p�wp�w pl�nt.


Step I: Teacher revises the previous topic

Step II: Teacher inroduces the new topic " Plants "

Step III: Teacher lists and explains the main parts of a plant

�Step IV: Teacher lists various examples of common plants in our environment

�Step V: Teacher takes the pupil round the school to show them the plants in their environment

Step VI: Pupils contribute and ask questions

Evaluation: 1. What is a plant?

  1. All plants can produce their food? Yes or No
  2. Mention three main parts of a plant

Conclusion: Teacher concludes the lesson by evaluating the students and gives an assignment


  1. Write the function of the root and the stem in a plant

2. List six common plants you can see in your environment.

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