Lesson Notes By Weeks and Term - Primary 1

Phonemic awareness 2

Week: 3

Subject: English Language

Term: 1st Term

Class: Basic 1

Topic: Phonemic awareness 2

Behavioural objectives: At the end of the lesson pupils should be able to:

  1. Listen to one syllable. Words and recognizes words that begin with same letter sounds.
  2. Recognize words that end with same letter sounds.
  3. Identify rhyming words
  4. Identify beginning and end sounds;
  5. Blend sounds to form one syllable words e.g. ex, to, my, do etc, and
  6. Segment and syllable words into separate letter sounds.

Instructional material/Reference material: Pictures and charts, video, jolly phonics rhyme, NPE Book 1

Building Background /connection to prior knowledge: Pupils are familiar phonics sound.


A syllable is a part of a word that contains sounds (phonemes) of a word. It usually has a vowel in it. A syllable is also called a 'beat' and teachers often teach children to identify syllables by clapping the 'beats' in words. Another way to describe a syllable is a 'mouthful' of a word.

How to count syllables� 1. The "Listen Method" Rules:

Say the word.

How many times do you hear A, E, I, O, or U as a separate sound?

This is the number of syllables

  1. The "Chin Method" Rules Put your hand under your chin.

Say the word.

How many times does your chin touch your hand?

This is the number of syllables

  1. The "Clap Method" Rules Clapping may help you find syllables.

Say the word.

Clap each time you hear A, E, I, O, or U as a separate sound.

The number of claps is the number of syllables.

  1. The "Robot Speak Method" Rules

Make believe you are a robot from the year 2000.

Say a word as this robot.

Pay attention to the pauses you make.

How many parts did you break your word into?


robot = "ro"� *pause*� "bot"... 2 syllables

  1. The "Written Method" Rules

Count the number of vowels (A, E, I, O, U) in the word.

Add 1 every time the letter 'y' makes the sound of a vowel (A, E, I, O, U).

Subtract 1 for each silent vowel (like the silent 'e' at the end of a word).

Subtract 1 for each diphthong or trip thong in the word.

Diphthong: when 2 vowels make only 1 sound (au, oy, oo)

Trip thong: when 3 vowels make only 1 sound (iou)

Does the word end with "le" or "les?" Add 1 only if the letter before the "le" is a consonant.

The number you get is the number of syllables in your word.



1 syllable: take pronounced: tay-k Bee

  • syllable: bee pronounced: bee Taking
  • syllables: tak-ing pronounced: tay-king

Strategies and activities:


1. Mention any two Words and it syllables

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