SUBJECT: SOCIAL STUDIES� ��
TERM: 3RD TERM
TOPIC: MINOR RACES AND THEIR CHARACTERISTICS�
References: Social studies for junior secondary schools volume 3 by Arukpo, Mohammed, Ezegbe and Slan.
THE MEANING OF RACE
The word race is a term used to classify populations or human groups, which share a number of common features. These features have to do mainly with physical characteristic like colour, stature and shape.
People who belong to a particular race may share a common colour such as black, brown, white or red.
In stature, people may be huge or small, tall or short. The shape of the head and face may be broad or narrow, while that of the nose may be high, how, flat, broad or narrow. Peoples hair may be dark brown, black or white.
THE MINOR RACES AND THEIR CHARACTERISTIC
The minor racial groups are more located than the major one. These minor race include the san and Khorikhoi of southern Africa, the Australoid of Australia, the Ainus of Japan, the Pygmanoid or Nephrites of the America and the Polynesian or pacific Indians who dwell on the pacific islands of New Zealand, Hawaic, Samoa and Fiji.
The minor racial groups do have some distinctive characteristics. But generally, their characteristics, form part of the general characteristics of the major racial groups within which they are geographically located.
We may examine a few examples. The Aborigines of Australia or members of the Australoid race are both tall and short. They are dark in colour and have wavy or curly hair. They also have a lot of face and body hair, low forehead, deep-set eyes, prominent brow ridges, projecting jaws and long slender hands. Their noses are wide at the nostrils.
The pygmies are generally short in stature, with an average height of about 1.4 metres. Their skin colour is dark or chocolate brown rather than black. They grow strong beards, hairs at their chests and have large noses.
Members of the san race are yellow-brown in colour and small in nature.
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