SUBJECT: HOME ECONOMICS
TERM: 3RD TERM
Home Economics for JSS 1 – 3 by Elizabeth U. Anyakoha pg 341-358.
Every normal child grows and develops .The child passes through different stages of development.
GROWTH:-Is an increase in the physical size of the whole body or any of its parts. A child grows in size, height and weight. Growth is measured in metres and kilograms. DEVELOPMENT:-Is an increase in skill and complexity of function. A child is developing when he or she is making progress in what he or she does with his or her mind and body such as holding up the head, holding a toy, gaining understanding etc.
THE PRINCIPLE OF A CHILD DEVELOPMENT
1 Development in children is predictable.
2 Follows a definite pattern
3 It should be steady.
AREAS OF DEVELOPMENT
1 Physical development
2 Emotional development
3 Social and moral development
1 Physical development:-This is the development of the physical structures and functions eg brain, muscles, nerves, bones and their functions.
2 Mental development:- This is the development of intellectual abilities, It involves ability to think, understand and solve problems. They learn from parents, experience and play.
3 Social development:-This involves the development of bevavioural patterns approved by the society, development of social attitudes.
4 Emotional development :- involves how people expresses feeling like smiling, crying, frowning.
STAGES IN A CHILD DEVELOPMENT
1.HEAD SAGS AND NEEDS SUPPORT.
2.HANDS TIGHTLY FISTED OR CURLED.
3 SLEEPS MOST OF THE TIME,FEEDS AND CRY.
4 STARES INDEFINITELY AT SURROUNDING,CAN HEAR SOUND.
1 WAVES ARMS ABOUT WHEN LYING ON BACK.
2 CAN TURN HEAD TOWARDS DIRECTION OF SOUND
3 MAY HAVE REGULAR ROUTINE,SUCH AS SLEEPING ALL NIGHT.
1 LOOKS AT PEOPLE AND FOLLOWS THEIR MOVEMENT.
2 SMILES AND ENJOYS COLOURS AND LIGHT.
3 CAN HOLD HEAD UP SLIGHTLY.
4 CAN HOLD AN OBJECT PLACED IN HIS HAND EG RATTLE.
1 HOLDS HEAD ERCT.
2 CAN SMILE AND SHOW EXCITEMENT.
3 EYES CAN FOLLOW MOVING OBJECTS SLOWLY.
4 CAN REACH FOR TOES.
1 CAN REACH FOR AN OBJECT
2 PUT EVERY THING WITHIN REACH INTO THE MOUTH.
3 CAN PULL DRESS OVER FACE
4 SIT WITH SLIGHT SUPPORT.
5 BIRTH WEIGHT MAY BE DOUBLED
1 BIRTH WEIGHT DOUBLED
RECOGNIZES CONSTANT MEMBERS OF THE FAMILY.
3 SITS WITHOUT SUPPORT
4HANDS AND EYES WORK MORE TOGETHER.
5 MAY START TEETHING
1 SITS CONFIDENTLY AND CRAWL
2 USES TOYS FREELY
3 MAY BEGIN TO ASSOCIATE WORDS WITH PEOPLE,IDEAS OR OBJECTS.
1 CRAWLS VERY WELL,STANDS HOLDING ON TO OBJECTS
2 GRADUALLY STANDS UNAIDED
3 TAKES FIRST STEPS
4 CUTS MORE TEETH
5 BIRTH WEIGHT TRIPPLES
6 UNDERSTANDS SOME WORDS AND CAN SAY VERY FEW.
CONDITIONS NECESSARY FOR CHILDS DEVELOPMENT
1 Love and care from family.
2 Good nutrition
6 Medical care
7 Conducive environment
1 Development in children follows a definite pattern a)movement b) style c) pattern d) form e) way
2 ___________ is measured in metres and kilograms. a) development b) health c) life d) strength e) growth
3 _________ is an increase in the physical size of the whole body or any of its parts. a) life b) development c) growth d) health e) energy
4 Child develops at ______ a)high rates b) different rates c) a time d) different time e) similar rates
5 Development starts from the____________ and spreads over the body. a) legs b) hands c) eyes d) mouth e) heads
1 List 2 factors that influences development
2 Enumerate the 5 areas of development
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