Comprehension: Explaining an Idea: Photosynthesis
SUBJECT: ENGLISH LANGUAGE
CLASS: JSS 3
TERM: 2ND TERM
TOPIC: Comprehension: Explaining an Idea: Photosynthesis
The passage explains how green plants, through a process called photosynthesis, make their food. The writer also explains certain limitations which are common to all green plants. Lastly, the writer advises people to devise methods of food production that do not depend on plants as the first link in the chain.
Do practice 2 on page 173
Effective English bk3.
Read more on the topic from Effective English bk3, page 172-173
TOPIC: Structure: Indefinite and Reciprocal Pronouns.
Indefinite Pronouns are those pronouns that don’t refer to specific people or things.
Below are examples of indefinite pronouns:
any some all
anybody somebody everybody
anyone someone everyone
anything something everything
no one many
Note that some indefinite pronouns take singular verbs while others take plural verbs
Everyone is present
Nobody cares about him
Something is missing somewhere.
Everybody has left for the occasion
Few are needed for the job
Many want to be like her
Also, some indefinite pronouns can be used to show ownership/ possession
That is somebody’s pencil
Don’t steal anyone’s property
His health is everybody’s concern
Reciprocal Pronouns: These pronouns are used when the actions of the verbs are shared by two or more people or things. Reciprocal pronouns are of two forms: “Each other” and “one another.”
My friend and I love each other dearly.
The players congratulated one another on their victory.
Note that “Each other” is used when two people or things shared the action while “One another” is used when more than two people or things are involved.
List the pronouns in the following sentences, stating their types:
iii. To whom was that letter addressed?
Countdown English by Ogunsanwo
Read more about indefinite and reciprocal pronouns from Exam Focus, page 47
TOPIC: Speech work: Vowels \ É \,\ÉË\ and \ Ê \
Vowel \ É \ is described as rounded open back vowel and it is vowel no 6 in English.
Vowel \ ÉË \ is known as rounded half-open back vowel and it is vowel no 7. It is the long counterpart of vowel no 6. Vowel \ Ê \ is described as a short neutral half-open central vowel and it is vowel no 10. Each of these vowels is represented by different letters of the English alphabet.
Consider the following examples:
\ É \
‘au’ as in laurel, because
‘ow’ as in knowledge
‘ou’ as in cough, trough
‘a’ as in want, what
‘o’ as in cot, pot
\ ÉË \
‘a’ as in talk, water
‘oar’ as in board, roar
‘au’ as in laud, caught
‘aw’ as in law, hawk
‘ou’ as in bought, fought
‘or’ as in door, north
‘our’ as in court, bourdon
‘ar’ as in warm, war
\ Ê \
‘o’ as in brother, mother, love
‘oe’ as in does
‘ou’ as in double, tough
‘oo’ as in flood, blood
‘u’ as in just, much, but
identify the sounds represented by the underlined letter (s) in words below.
watch colour daughter
sausage country hot
awe laud money
hoard wharf floral
Standard speech: An Introduction to Phonetics and Phonology by S.A Fatusin.
Read page 145 (vowels) of Exam Focus.
TOPIC: Writing: Descriptive Essay
A descriptive essay is an essay in which students are expected to give a vivid description of, for example, an object, a person, an animal, a process, etc.
Features of a Descriptive Essay
Write an essay on the topic “My School Inter-house Sports”
Countdown English by Ognsanwo ; Exam Focus
Read page 17 of the Exam Focus: English for JSCE
TOPIC: Grammar: Direct and Indirect Speech.
A direct Speech sentence is a sentence that reports the actual utterance / statement of another speaker or writer without any alteration. A direct speech contains the exact words used by the speaker.
Features of Direct Speech
iii. Write in capital letter, the first letter of the first word of his speech.
Below are examples of direct speech sentences:
Akin said, ‘I am a nice boy’.
Analysis: Akin (speaker or subject)
Said (reporting verb)
( ‘) (comes after the verb)
I am a nice boy (the exact words of Akin)
A full-stop (.) is applied because it is a complete statement.
Lastly, a quotation mark is used to close the speech.
Indirect Speech / Reported Speech
In reported speech, the exact words of the original speaker are not used. Some changes take place when giving a report using indirect speech sentence.
Features of Indirect Speech Sentences
iii. All pronouns must be changed to third person.
Below are the changes in a tabular form:
Present Tense Past Tense
am/ is/be was
I he/ she
must had to
yesterday the previous day / the day before
this week that week
next week the following week
today that day
tomorrow the following / next day
However, when reporting a universal truth, no changes take place in the reported speech, including the reporting verb. Also, if the reporting verb is in the present or future tense, the verb in the reported speech does not change.
Now, consider the following examples:
Direct speech: He said, ‘We have enough rooms for all of you.’
Indirect speech: The man informed us / told us that they had enough rooms for all of us.
Direct speech: Tade says, ‘We have lectures every Friday.’
Indirect speech: Tade says that they have lectures every Friday.
Direct speech: Our geography teacher said, ‘The earth is spherical’.
Indirect speech: Our geography teacher said that the earth is spherical.
Do practice exercise sixteen of English Grammar for J.S.S, page 71-72 (3 only)
Countdown English by Ogunsanwo; English Grammar by P.O Olatunbosun
Read page 70-71 of English Grammar by P.O Olatunbosun and page 93-94 of Exam Focus.
GENERAL EVALUATION/REVISION QUESTIONS
WEEKEND ASSIGNMENT: Do tests for continuous assessment on pages 155&156 OF Effective English bk3 (nos 2&3)
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