Lesson Notes By Weeks and Term - Junior Secondary School 3


SUBJECT: CIVIC EDUCATION                                     



REFERENCE : Fundamentals of Civic Education For Basic 9, JSS 3 by Sola Akinyemi.




The following steps should be taken by the government to prevent electoral malpractices in Nigeria.

  1. Education of the electorates: The government agency in charge of orientation should do its best to organize programmes that will educate the electorates of their rights and responsibilities before, during and after elections.
  2. Education of Politicians: Election is not a do or die affair. The Nigerian politicians should be educated to conduct themselves properly before, during and after elections.
  3. Adequate Security: The government should provide enough security personnel at every voting centresto protect the electoral officials, electoral materials and the voters.
  4. Proper Planning: The independent National Electoral Commission (INEC) should do a proper planning of the election. Enough money should be made available for provisions of electoral materials such as ballot boxes, ballot papers etc.
  5. Non – Interference in Electoral Matters: The government in power should not in any way influence the activities of the Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC)before, during and after elections.
  6. Adequate Punishment for Electoral Offenders: Adequate punishment should be given to electoral offenders and people who are involve in the rigging of elections.



Suggests five ways of preventing electoral malpractices in Nigeria.


General Evaluation/Revision Questions

  1. Identify five political parties we have in Nigeria.
  2. In which year did Nigeria adopt a republican constitution?
  3. Mention five major features of the 1963 republican constitution.
  4. What were the advantages of the republican constitution?



  1. Discipline is ………….. A. attitude of doing the right thing at the right time.  B. ability to pursue a goal     C. the way of life  D. none of the above
  2. The three arms of government include…… A. the legislative ,executive and judiciary  B. the federal ,state and local government  C. democracy , executive and the rule of law  D. the legislature , communism and advocacy.
  3. The men and women of integrity are needed in Nigeria in order to …….. A. encourage youths in political thuggery. B. ensure peaceful co-existence. C. stagnate development D. tarnish the country’s image abroad
  4. The following are fundamental human rights except freedom of …… A. manipulation B. personal liberty   C. speech D. worship
  5. The rule of law can be protected through the following except ….A. equity  B. good governance C. Justice D. legal process
  6. The rules and regulation of a country is written in a book called…. A. constitution    B. court judgment      C. law reforms D. penal code
  7. Law made by any military government is called a /an … A. act  B. decree  C. law –in – council  D. military
  8. The following are causes of social problems in the society , EXCEPT ….. A. cultism  B. drug abuse           C. poverty  D. education
  9. Democracy is defined as the government of the people , by the people and for the people by……. A. Hugh Clifford    B. Winston Churchill    C. Abraham Lincoln   D. Frederick Lugard
  10. The minimum educational qualification for election into a public office is...A. Phd. B. BSc C. MSc D. SSCE 


Reading assignment

Fundamental of Civic Education book 3 by Sola Akinyemi, pages 47 – 49.


Weekend Assignment

  1. Who among the following was the prime minister of Nigeria? A. AbubakarTafawaBalewa B. NnamdiAzikiwe C. ObafemiAwolowo D. Herbert Macauley.
  2. Which of the following was the first political party in Nigeria? A. PDP B. APC C. NNDP D. APGA.
  3. In what year did Nigeria adopt republican constitution? A. 1960 B. 1962 C. 1964 D. 1963
  4. Who among the following was the first President of Nigeria? A. AbubakarTafawaBalewa B. NnamdiAzikiwe C. ObafemiAwolowo D. Herbert Macauley.
  5. In 1960 Nigeria adopted ________ system of government A. Presidential B. Military C. Monarchy D. Parliamentary.



  1. Mention three electoral materials use during elections.
  2. Identify four ways of preventing electoral malpractices in Nigeria.


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