Lesson Notes By Weeks and Term - Junior Secondary School 3

Structure: Personal and Possessive Pronouns

SUBJECT: ENGLISH LANGUAGE                                     




TOPIC: Structure: Personal and Possessive Pronouns


A pronoun is a word used instead or in place of a noun or a noun phrase. E.g; 

Ade is coming tomorrow 

The boy is coming tomorrow

He is coming tomorrow.

There are different types of pronouns. They are:  personal pronouns, possessive pronouns, relative pronouns, reflexive pronouns, etc.

Here, we shall consider Personal and possessive Pronouns.


Personal Pronouns: They are used to refer to persons (and things) and they are of three types.

  1. First Person

Singular                        Plural

I go to school every day.                We go to school every day.


  1. Second Person

Singular                         Plural

You come here every Saturday.            You come here every Saturday. 


  1. Third Person

Singular                        Plural

He/ She /It {goes to the stream every week.        They go to the stream every week.

Personal Pronouns also have object and subject forms. 


Consider the box below.

Subject form                 Object form

I                    Me

You                    you (singular& plural forms).

She                    her

He                    him

We                    us

You                    you

They                    them

It                     it

Possessive Pronouns: These are also known as genitive pronouns. They show ownership or possession. The following table shows the possessive forms of pronouns in terms of pronominal adjectives and pure pronouns:





Adjective Pronoun

Adjective Pronoun

First Person

My                         mine

Our                        ours 

Second Person

Your                      yours

Your                      yours

Third Person

His                        his

Her                       hers

Its                         its

Their                     theirs

Their                     theirs

Their                     theirs



    This is my book

    This book is mine

    That is your pencil

    It is yours

These are our bags 

They are ours

The chairs are their own

They are theirs

The food belongs to the dog. 

The food is its.



Do practice five on page 23 of English Grammar by P.O Olatunbosun



Countdown English by Ogunsanwo; Exam Focus: English for JSCE; English Grammar by P.O Olatunbosun.



Exam Focus: English for JSCE page 45-46 and English Grammar page 21


TOPIC: Writing: Formal Letter


  • Definition of a formal letter
  • Features of a formal letter

Formal letters are also called official or business letters. They are written to people in their official position. They are people we do not know personally, eg; Local government chairman, commissioners. principal of your school, managers of organizations, etc.


Features of a Formal Letter

  1. The writer’s address and date
  2. The receiver’s designation and address 

iii.    Salutation 

  1. Subject heading 
  2. The body of the letter
  3. The conclusion or final paragraph

vii.    The ending of the letter/subscript(usually Yours faithfully,)

viii.      Writer’s signature and full name.


                                                          Government Great College,

                                                          P.O. Box 216,


                                                          Lagos State.

                                                          10th October, 2010.

The Chairman, 

Makaliki Local Government,

Lagos State.

Dear Sir,

   The Urgent Need to Rehabilitate Makaliki- Ota Road

          The Body of the letter

          Conclusion / Final Paragraph

                                                                       Yours faithfully,


                                                                       Babatunde Talamo.


Write a letter to the principal of a neighbouring school, inviting their JSS3 students to a debate organized by your club.   



Countdown English by Ogunsanwo; Exam Focus: English for JSCE



Read page 9-11 of Exam Focus 


TOPIC: Comprehension: Solubility 


  • Summary of the passage
  • Evaluation

The passage is a science text which gives explanation on what Chemistry is all about. 

It also talks about substances that are soluble in water and those that are not:



Do practice 2 on page 144 of Effective English bk.3



Effective English bk.3



Effective English bk.3 page 143


TOPIC: Speech work: vowels \ ɪ \ and \ iː\


Vowels \ ɪ \ and \ iː\ are described as spread half-close front vowel and spread close front vowel respectively. However, vowel \ ɪ \ is a short vowel while vowel \ iː \ is a long one.


They are present in the words below:

\ ɪ \

‘a’ – village, adage

‘e’ – before, women, English

‘u’-  business, busy

‘ei’- foreign

‘ui’-  build

‘y’- symbol, lynch,

‘I’- sit, pit,  big,


\ iː\

“Uay’’- quay

‘ae’ – aesthetic 

‘e’ – mete, procedure

‘ee’ – peel, meet

‘ea’ – heat, seat

‘ai’ – machine, prestige

‘ei’ – receive, deceive

‘ie’ – relieve, believe

‘oe’ – foetus, amoeba

‘ui’ – suite

‘eo’ – people



Write the sounds represented by the underlined letter (s) in the following words:

Minute            Pig

Guilt            kid

Caesar            Deceive  

Seek            People

Myth            Seat    



Introduction to Phonetics and Phonology by S.A Fatusin.



Read page 145 of Exam Focus: English for JSCE



Use the following pronouns and phrases in sentences.

  1. He, him, I, they, them, we, us, she, her.
  2. Ada and I, Dele and me, he and she, him and her.
  3. Myself, yourself, yourselves, herself, himself, themselves, ourselves. 



  1. Do practice twenty four (2 only: 1-20) on page 98-100 of English Grammar by P.O Olatunbosun.
  2. Write 10 words that are associated with morals appraisal.

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