Lesson Notes By Weeks and Term - Junior Secondary School 3


SUBJECT: CIVIC EDUCATION                                     



REFERENCE : Fundamentals of Civic Education For Basic 9, JSS 3 by Sola Akinyemi.





Meaning of Free and Fair Elections 

Free and fair election is an election conducted according to the principles and rules of democracy. It is an election that is conducted in an peaceful atmosphere without any form of electoral malpractices.


Free and fair election meansthat people of a country must be free without force or intimidation to elect their leaders.



Define free and fair election.


Importance of Free and Fair Election

  1. It enables good leaders to be voted into power.
  2. It helps to prevent riots and violence.
  3. It encourages citizens to be more involved in voting.
  4. It helps to prevent loss of lives and property.
  5. It enables citizens to have trust and confidence in their leaders.
  6. It enables citizens to remove a bad government and bad leaders.
  7. A free and fair election boosts a country’s image.



  1. Define free and fair election.
  2. What are the importances of free and fair elections?


General Evaluation/Revision Questions

  1. Identify four features of the 1951 Macpherson constitution.
  2. What were the advantages of 1951 Macpherson constitution?
  3. Mention the disadvantages of 1951 Macpherson constitution.
  4. How many ministers were in the executive council of Macpherson constitution?
  5. Which of the Nigerian constitution created for the first time the House of Representatives?



  1. Nigeria as a nation came into existence in ………… A. 1960     B. 1920     C. 1963     D. 1914 
  2. Attributes of honesty are the following except ….. A. integrity    B. boldness  C. honour
  1. untruthfulness 
  1. Integrity means…………A. good sense of belonging     B. a good boy    C. a sense of strong moral standard about life and situation     D. to be physically strong 
  2. Attributes of contentment include …. A. satisfaction   B. encouragement  C. empowerment 
  1. development 
  1. Discipline is………. A. attitude of doing the right thing at the right time  B. ability to pursue a goal    C. the way of life     D. none of the above 
  2. Example of negative behaviour is …… A. leadership    B. followership    C. cultism    D. enjoyment 
  3. In societies where the citizens are disciplined, all these may occur except……A. peace    B. progress                        C. harmony    D. corruption 
  4. All these can happen to an individual without self-control except……..  A. overeating  B. moderation                C. over reacting to situation    D. fighting in the public 
  5. Lack of contentment will lead to one of the following.A. Envy  B. Honesty  C. Love  D. Faithfulness 
  6. A woman that is not content with her income may be…….. A. lured into prostitution   B. wooed to become a politician     C. forced to travel abroad    D. forced to hate the rich 


Reading Assignment

Fundamentals of Civic Education book 3 by Sola Akinyemi.


Weekend Assignment

  1. In which year did Nigeria became an Independent country A. 1959 B. 1960 C. 1963 D. 1961.
  2. Democracy day in Nigeria is on A. May 28th B. May 30th C. May 29th D. May 27th
  3. Workers day is celebrated all over the world on the A. May 1st B. May 4thC. May 10thD. May 7th
  4. __________ is the capital of Bayelsa state A. Asaba B. Warri C. Yenogoa D. Port – Hartcourt.
  5. Who among the following was the first military head of state of Nigeria? A. AguiyiIronsi
  1. Muritala Mohammed C. Yakubu Gowon D. SanniAbacha.



  • Mention five importance of free and fair election.
  • Define free and fair election.



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